Anna Grubert

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The question whether attentional capture by salient but task-irrelevant visual stimuli is triggered in a bottom-up fashion or depends on top-down task settings is still unresolved. Strong support for bottom-up capture was obtained in the additional singleton task, in which search arrays were visible until response onset. Equally strong evidence for top-down(More)
Attention can be stimulus-driven and bottom-up or goal-driven and top-down. Bottom-up attention and, particularly, attentional capture are often thought to be strongly automatic, i.e., not modulable. For example, in visual search, it has been shown that salient distractors strongly attract attention even though observers were instructed to ignore them.(More)
To find out whether attentional target selection can be effectively guided by top-down task sets for multiple colors, we measured behavioral and ERP markers of attentional target selection in an experiment where participants had to identify color-defined target digits that were accompanied by a single gray distractor object in the opposite visual field. In(More)
We studied whether visual search for targets defined by a combination of features from different dimensions is guided by separately represented target features or by an integrated representation of the target objects. In Experiment 1, participants searched for target singleton bars that were defined by a specific combination of color (red or blue) and size(More)
Sensory recruitment models of working memory assume that information storage is mediated by the same cortical areas that are responsible for the perceptual processing of sensory signals. To test this assumption, we measured somatosensory event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during a tactile delayed match-to-sample task. Participants memorized a tactile(More)
In real-life visual environments, where multiple objects compete for processing, new objects that require immediate attention often appear when attention is already focused elsewhere. The question of whether spatial attention can be directed independently to different locations in the visual field remains controversial. Serial models assume a unitary(More)
To dissociate feature-based and object-based stages in the control of spatial attention during visual search, we employed the N2pc component as an electrophysiological marker of attentional object selection. Participants searched for a target object that was defined by a conjunction of color and shape. Some search displays contained the target or a(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that when targets are defined by a constant feature, attention can be directed rapidly and in parallel to sequentially presented target objects at different locations. We assessed how fast attention is allocated to multiple objects when this process cannot be controlled by a unique color-specific attentional template. N2pc(More)
We combined behavioral and electrophysiological measures to find out whether redundancy gain effects in pop-out visual search are exclusively determined by bottom-up salience or are modulated by top-down task search goals. Search arrays contained feature singletons that could be defined in a single dimension (color or shape) or redundantly in both(More)
Feature singleton search is faster when the target-defining dimension is repeated, rather than changed, across trials (Found & Müller, 1996). A similar dimension repetition benefit has been observed in a non-search (discrimination) task with a single stimulus (Mortier, Theeuwes, & Starreveld, 2005). Two experiments examined whether these effects in the two(More)