Anna Gorąca

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α-Lipoic acid (LA; 5-(1,2-dithiolan-3-yl)pentanoic acid) was originally isolated from bovine liver by Reed et al. in 1951. LA was once considered a vitamin. Subsequently, it was found that LA is not a vitamin and is synthesized by plants and animals. LA is covalently bound to the ε-amino group of lysine residues and functions as a cofactor for mitochondrial(More)
The classical nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase was originally detected in neutrophils as a multicomponent enzyme that catalyzes the generation of superoxide from oxygen and the reduced form of NADPH. This enzyme is composed of two membrane-bound subunits (p22phox and gp91phox), three cytosolic subunits (p67phox, p47phox, and(More)
Increasing production of free radicals in organisms is one of the putative mechanisms by which a extremely low frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) may affect biological systems. The present study was designated to assess if ELF-MF applied in the magnetotherapy, affects generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in heart tissue and antioxidant capacity of(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor, mainly secreted by endothelial cells. It acts through two types of receptors: ETA and ETB. Apart from a vasoconstrictive action, ET-1 causes fibrosis of the vascular cells and stimulates production of reactive oxygen species. It is claimed that ET-1 induces proinflammatory mechanisms, increasing(More)
Endothelin was isolated and identified in 1988 by Yanagisawa et al. The endothelin family consists of 21 amino acid isoforms endothelin-1, endothelin-2 and endothelin-3. Endothelin receptors are present in many internal organs, e.g. heart, adrenals, kidneys, lung tissue, central nervous system. ET-1 is the main isoform which is synthesized in endothelial(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess whether BAY 11-7082, a nuclear factor-kappaB (NF- κ B) inhibitor, influences the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α), and NF- κ B related signaling pathways in the liver. The animals were divided into 4 groups: I: saline; II: saline + endothelin-1 (ET-1) (1.25 μg/kg b.w.,(More)
Endothelin (ET) was first isolated and described by Yanagisawa et al. and has since been described as one of the most potent known vasoconstrictor compounds. ET-1 mediates its effects via two types of receptors, ETA and ETB, which are expressed in the vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, intestines and brain. Secretion of ET-1 results in(More)
BACKGROUND The potent vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of plasma oxidative stress seen in sepsis. The selective endothelin receptor blockers BQ123 and BQ788 were used to investigate the importance of selective endothelin receptor blockage in modulating oxidative stress during endotoxemia. METHODS The study was performed(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a gram-negative bacterial endotoxin and a major factor that contributes to multiple organ failure, including heart injury. Myocardial dysfunction in septic shock depends on the presence of proinflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen/nitrogen species. In this study, the effect of early administration of an antioxidant,(More)
The aim of the present study is to determine the effects of the BAY 11-7082, a nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) inhibitor, on endothelin-1 (ET-1) induced lung edema, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in the lungs. Experiments were carried out on adult male Wistar-Kyoto rats. The animals were divided into 4(More)