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AIM Chronic hyponatremia is frequently found in some syndromes characterized by widespread edema coupled to impairment in arterial effective circulating volume, such as congestive chronic heart failure (CHF). In this setting, it is unclear whether the hyponatremia itself makes this condition worse or whether it represents a simply marker of decompensation.(More)
During intensive therapy of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with marked fluid retention using high doses of i.v. furosemide the additional effect of agents which might exert osmotic attraction of interstitial fluids has been proposed. They are thought to impede the impairment of renal blood supply and glomerular filtration rate, which may be caused by(More)
AIMS To synthesize by meta-analysis the findings of recent experimental studies focusing on possible therapeutic effectiveness of statins for nonrheumatic calcific aortic stenosis. METHODS Observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected from the Pubmed database to evaluate the hemodynamic progression of aortic stenosis in(More)
QTc interval dispersion (QTcd) analysis (difference between maximum and minimum QTc calculated from at least five of the standard 12 ECG leads) and signal-averaged electrocardiograms were performed on 23 patients referred to our coronary care unit because of acute myocardial infarction. Late potentials were considered positive if all three of the following(More)
PURPOSE It has been asserted that serial measurements of natriuretic peptides, specifically B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) or the amino-terminal fragment of pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), may serve as an objective practical guide to better tailor the drug treatment for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and especially to detect the(More)
OBJECTIVE In chronic heart failure (CHF), collapsibility index of the inferior vena cava (IVCCI) is used for noninvasive ultrasonographic appraisal of central venous pressure, but it also may be related both to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and renal outcome. METHODS On the basis of retrospective observational cohort study, we analyzed 49(More)
This review aims at summarizing essential aspects of epidemiology and pathophysiology of hyponatremia in chronic heart failure (CHF), to set the ground for a practical as well as evidence-based approach to treatment. As a guide through the discussion of the available evidence, a clinical case of hyponatremia associated with CHF is presented. For this case,(More)
The diagnosis of previous non-Q wave myocardial infarction by standard electrocardiographic investigation is uncertain, particularly in elderly patients because of concomitant disease. We have studied 31 elderly patients (aged 63-72 years) with a diagnosis of non-Q wave myocardial infarction between 1-6 months after this acute event. The patients underwent(More)
A survey by questionnaire to assess the daily practice of the antibiotic prophylaxis of infective endocarditis by physicians attending post-graduate schools of the Institutes of Oral Surgery and Stomatology (Group A n = 83) and Cardiology (Group B n = 46) of the Second University of Naples has been conducted. They were asked about dental procedure and(More)
AIM In the presence of resistance to oral diuretics in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with extreme hydrosaline retention, among the proposed therapeutic options the administration of high doses of loop diuretics - either intravenous (i.v.) boluses or i.v. continuous infusion - should first of all be considered. Nevertheless, the use of this therapy(More)