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Next-generation sequencing was used to investigate the B-cell receptor heavy chain transcript repertoire of different B-cell subsets (naive, marginal zone (MZ), immunoglobulin M (IgM) memory and IgG memory) at baseline, and of plasma cells (PCs) 7 days following administration of serogroup ACWY meningococcal polysaccharide and protein-polysaccharide(More)
High-throughput sequencing of the B cell receptor (BCR) repertoire can provide rapid characterization of the B cell response in a wide variety of applications in health, after vaccination and in infectious, inflammatory and immune-driven disease, and is starting to yield clinical applications. However, the interpretation of repertoire data is compromised by(More)
Generating a diverse B cell immunoglobulin repertoire is essential for protection against infection. The repertoire in humans can now be comprehensively measured by high-throughput sequencing. Using hepatitis B vaccination as a model, we determined how the total immunoglobulin sequence repertoire changes following antigen exposure in humans, and compared(More)
B-cell receptors (BCRs) are membrane-bound immunoglobulins that recognize and bind foreign proteins (antigens). BCRs are formed through random somatic changes of germline DNA, creating a vast repertoire of unique sequences that enable individuals to recognize a diverse range of antigens. After encountering antigen for the first time, BCRs undergo a process(More)
A diverse B-cell repertoire is essential for recognition and response to infectious and vaccine antigens. High-throughput sequencing of B-cell receptor (BCR) genes can now be used to study the B-cell repertoire at great depth and may shed more light on B-cell responses than conventional immunological methods. Here, we use high-throughput BCR sequencing to(More)
It has come to our attention that there was an omission in the Acknowledgements section in this article [1]. The Acknowledgements section should read: The authors are grateful to the study participants, to the doctors and nurses at the Oxford Vaccine Group for assisting with sample collection, and to the National The authors thank Craig Waugh for help with(More)
Clusters of time series data may change location and memberships over time; in gene expression data, this occurs as groups of genes or samples respond differently to stimuli or experimental conditions at different times. In order to uncover this underlying temporal structure, we consider dynamic clusters with time-dependent parameters which split and merge(More)
Background: Targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) panels are increasingly being used in clinical genomics to increase capacity, throughput and affordability of gene testing. Identifying whole exon deletions or duplications (termed exon copy number variants, 'exon CNVs') in exon-targeted NGS panels has proved challenging, particularly for single exon(More)
Experience and confidence in the management of the airway is highly variable among junior surgical trainees, who are usually the first on scene when problems arise, particularly out of hours. Juniors must possess the skills required to recognise and institute appropriate management in an airway emergency. We describe a local training programme, an airway(More)
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