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BACKGROUND Circulating microRNAs (miRs) are differentially regulated and selectively packaged into microparticles (MPs). We evaluated whether diabetes mellitus alters circulating vascular and endothelial MP-incorporated miRs expression levels. METHODS AND RESULTS Circulating MPs were isolated from 135 patients with or without diabetes mellitus type II and(More)
BACKGROUND Morphometric studies on the corpus callosum (CC) in schizophrenia have yielded contradictory results. The aim of the present study was to investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities of the CC in first-episode patients with schizophrenic psychoses. METHOD We assessed volumetric MRI in 31 patients with diagnoses of schizophrenia,(More)
Endothelial microparticles (EMP) are released from activated or apoptotic endothelial cells (ECs) and can be taken up by adjacent ECs, but their effect on vascular inflammation after engulfment is largely unknown. We sought to determine the role of EMP in EC inflammation. In vitro, EMP treatment significantly reduced tumour necrosis factor-α-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is of importance in the pathogenesis of vascular diseases such as restenosis or atherosclerosis. Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) regulate function and phenotype of target endothelial cells (ECs), but their influence on VSMC biology is unknown. We aim to investigate the role of EMPs in the(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are regulated in patients with coronary artery disease. The impact of transient coronary ischemia on circulating miRNA levels is unknown. We aimed to investigate circulating miRNA kinetics in response to cardiac stress in patients with or without significant coronary stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty of(More)
Recent studies have highlighted the relevance of viral nucleic acid immunorecognition by pattern recognition receptors in atherogenesis. Melanoma differentiation associated gene 5 (MDA-5) belongs to the intracellular retinoic acid inducible gene-I like receptors and its activation promotes pro-inflammatory mechanisms. Here, we studied the effect of MDA-5(More)
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