Learn More
In vitro, degradable aliphatic polyesters are widely used as cell carriers for bone tissue engineering, despite their lack of biological cues. Their biological active surface is rather determined by an adsorbed layer of proteins from the surrounding media. Initial cell fate, including adhesion and proliferation, which are key properties for efficient cell(More)
This invited review covers research areas of central importance for orthopaedic and maxillofacial bone tissue repair, including normal fracture healing and healing problems, biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering, mesenchymal and foetal stem cells, effects of sex steroids on mesenchymal stem cells, use of platelet-rich plasma for tissue repair,(More)
Nanofibrous scaffolds of poly[(L-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one)] generated by electrospinning have been compared with porous films obtained by solvent cast/salt leaching and homogeneous films. A comparison between the fibrous materials and the homogeneous solvent-cast films revealed that the surface of the nanofibers was more hydrophobic and that the(More)
Degradation characteristics in response to electron beam sterilization of designed and biodegradable aliphatic polyester scaffolds are relevant for clinically successful synthetic graft tissue regeneration. Scaffold degradation in vitro and in vivo were documented and correlated to the macroscopic structure and chemical design of the original polymer. The(More)
Our recent in vitro study demonstrated that endothelial cells (ECs) might influence the differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe this effect in vivo, using a rat calvarial bone defect model. BMSCs were isolated from femurs of two-donor Lewis rats and expanded in α-minimum essential medium(More)
In tissue engineering, the resorbable aliphatic polyester poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) is used as scaffolds in bone regeneration. Copolymers of poly(L-lactide)-co-(epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] and poly(L-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)], with superior mechanical properties to PLLA, have been developed to be used as scaffolds, but the(More)
Amphiphilic diblock co-oligopeptides are interesting and functional macromolecular materials for biomedical applications because of their self-assembling properties. Here, we developed a synthesis method for diblock co-oligopeptides by using chemo-enzymatic polymerization, which was a relatively short (30 min) and efficient reaction (over 40% yield). Block(More)
Significant evidence has indicated that poly(L-lactide)-co-(ɛ-caprolactone) [(poly(LLA-co-CL)] scaffolds could be one of the suitable candidates for bone tissue engineering. Oxygen-terminated nanodiamond particles (n-DP) were combined with poly(LLA-co-CL) and revealed to be positive for cell growth. In this study, we evaluated the influence of(More)
A fundamental component of bone tissue engineering is an appropriate scaffold as a carrier for osteogenic cells. The aim of the study was to evaluate the response of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) to scaffolds made of three biodegradable polymers: poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) (poly(LLA-co-CL)), poly(L-lactide-co-1,5dioxepan-2-one)(More)
Constructs intended for bone tissue engineering are influenced by the initial cell seeding procedure. The seeding method should be rapid, convenient, improve cell spatial distribution, and have no negative effects on cellular viability and differentiation. This study aimed to compare the effect of short-run seeding methods (centrifuge and vortex) with a(More)