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BACKGROUND Propofol is one of the most frequently applied intravenous anesthetics. Although it has been used for a long period, its pharmacokinetics, especially central nervous system pharmacokinetics, are not fully recognized. OBJECTIVE Investigation of the relationships between total propofol concentration in blood, total propofol concentration in(More)
BACKGROUND Right ventricular (RV) failure is the main cause of death in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) is believed to relieve symptoms of PH by increasing systemic flow and reducing RV preload. METHODS Fourteen BAS procedures were performed in 11 patients (5 men and 6 women; mean [+/- SD] age, 33 +/- 12 years)(More)
BACKGROUND The metabolism of propofol is very rapid, and its transformation takes place mainly in the liver. There are reports indicating extrahepatic metabolism of the drug, and the alimentary canal, kidneys, and lungs are mentioned as the most probable places where the process occurs. The aim of this study was to determine whether the human lungs really(More)
In order to describe the changes of propofol concentration in whole blood and in its components during the blood storage we examined venous blood samples collected from patients anaesthetized either with or without propofol. Blood samples from patients anaesthetized without propofol were spike with propofol 45 min before analysis. Propofol concentration was(More)
RATIONALE The bone morphogenetic receptor type II gene is the major genetic determinant for the inherited form of pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, deleterious mutations of this gene are not observed in the majority of subjects who develop the condition spontaneously and familial disease displays age- and sex-dependent penetrance, indicating the(More)
BACKGROUND This large, prospective, multicentric study was performed to analyze the distribution of tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) values during exercise and hypoxia in relatives of patients with idiopathic and familial pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and in healthy control subjects. We tested the hypothesis that relatives of(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is clinically characterized by a sustained elevation in mean pulmonary artery pressure leading to significant morbidity and mortality. The disorder is typically sporadic, and in such cases the term idiopathic PAH (IPAH) is used. However, cases that occur within families (familial PAH (FPAH)) display similar clinical and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Baseline prognostic assessment in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) may help in the selection of treatment. High plasma levels of natriuretic peptide type B have been reported in patients with right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and suggest poor prognosis in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). We(More)
A positive cytology result in pericardial fluid is the gold standard for recognition of malignant pericardial effusion. Unfortunately, in 30-50% of patients with malignant pericardial effusion cytological examination of the pericardial fluid is negative. Tumor marker assessment in pericardial fluid may help to recognize malignant pericardial effusion. The(More)
Due to unsatisfactory equipment efficiency and the time consuming manual procedures of sample preparation, drug analyses in physiological fluids and tissues frequently have to be carried out a few days after the sample collection. This is especially the case with investigations which require the examination of materials for which a large number of samples(More)