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We studied 10 neurologically normal patients (8 females, 2 males) aged 8-30 years (mean 17 years) who had recurrent episodes if visually induced occipital seizures. Television and computer screens were the main triggers. Seizure onset occurred between the ages of 5 and 17 years (mean 11 years). All seizures were stimulus related and began with elementary(More)
PURPOSE Bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria (BFPP) has been reported in sporadic patients and in recessive pedigrees. Eleven mutations in GPR56, a gene encoding an evolutionarily dynamic G-protein-coupled receptor, have been identified in 29 patients from 18 families. The clinical features of BFPP include severe mental retardation, motor and language(More)
Medication overuse headache (MOH) is a severe burden to sufferers and its treatment has few evidence-based indications. The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of nabilone in reducing pain and frequency of headache, the number of analgesic intake and in increasing the quality of life on patients with long-standing intractable MOH. Thirty(More)
We recorded occipitotemporal seizures induced by intermittent photic stimulation in three children with brain injuries, aged 10 to 13 years. All had a history of seizures and showed occipital spikes on EEG, but were seizure free and were not being treated at the time of investigation. In all, photic stimulation induced seizures in the right occipital lobe.(More)
The mechanism of the analgesic activity of paracetamol (acetaminophen), one of the most widely used drugs for the treatment of pain, is still not clear. Here we show that in rats, using the hot plate test, the analgesic effect of paracetamol is prevented by two antagonists at cannabinoid CB1 receptors (AM281 and SR141716A) at doses that prevent the(More)
AIM Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene abnormalities cause an early-onset epileptic encephalopathy. We performed video-electroencephalography (video-EEG) monitoring early in the course of CDKL5-related epileptic encephalopathy in order to examine the early electroclinical characteristics of the condition. METHOD We used video-EEG to monitor six(More)
The first edition of the Italian diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines for primary headaches in adults was published in J Headache Pain 2(Suppl. 1):105-190 (2001). Ten years later, the guideline committee of the Italian Society for the Study of Headaches (SISC) decided it was time to update therapeutic guidelines. A literature search was carried out on(More)
We describe the case of a 34 year-old man with diagnosis of migraine with and without aura that developed myopia and acute glaucoma after 7 days of treatment with topiramate. The patient had also been taking citalopram daily for two months. Both topiramate and citalopram have been related to the increase of intraocular pressure and the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbidity of Autism Spectrum Disorders with seizures or abnormal EEG (Autism-Epilepsy Phenotype) suggests shared pathomechanisms, and might be a starting point to identify distinct populations within the clinical complexity of the autistic spectrum. In this study, we tried to assess whether distinct subgroups, having distinctive clinical(More)
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and its lactone, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) have been previously shown to produce a protective effect in animal models of cerebral ischaemia/hypoxia, as well as in human conditions of head injury-induced coma. The aim of the present research was to study the effect of GHB in experimental conditions of focal cerebral damage, either(More)