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Online publish-ahead-of-print 23 February 2012 This editorial refers to 'Endothelial-specific Nox2 overex-pression increases vascular superoxide and macrophage recruitment in ApoE 2/2 mice' by G. Douglas et al., pp. 20–29, this issue. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) act as a double-edged sword in numerous cardiovascular conditions. In addition to their known(More)
Cells respond to heavy metal stress by activating signaling cascades regulating cellular proliferation and survival. We here demonstrate that the anti-apoptotic kinase Akt is activated in HepG2 human hepatoma cells exposed to copper or zinc ions. Cu2+- and Zn2+-induced phosphorylation of Akt was blocked by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors,(More)
According to the World Health Organization, from 2014, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the number one cause of death worldwide. One of the key players in maintaining proper cardiovascular function is the endothelium, the inner layer of all blood vessels. This monolayer of cells on one hand serves as a barrier between blood and the surrounding tissue and(More)
Nickel compounds may act as carcinogens, affecting both initiation and promotion stages of carcinogenesis due, in large parts, to their capability of inducing DNA damage and of modulating cellular signaling cascades known to affect cellular proliferation, respectively. We have previously demonstrated that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Redox signaling is one of the key elements involved in cardiovascular diseases. Two important molecules are the transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and the oxidoreductase thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1). Recent Advances: During the previous years, a lot of studies investigated Nrf2 and Trx-1 as protective proteins in(More)
FHRE-Luc is a promoter reporter construct that is widely used to assess the activity of FoxO (forkhead box, class O) transcription factors. We here demonstrate that this promoter construct responds to exposure of HepG2 human hepatoma cells to known agonists of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), 3-methylcholanthrene, benzo(a)pyrene, and(More)
The serine/threonine kinase Akt is a mediator of insulin effects on target cells and, as such, is a major regulator of fuel metabolism. Akt was demonstrated to be activated in a phosphoinositide 3'-kinase-dependent fashion by stressful stimuli, including reactive oxygen species (ROS) and certain heavy metal ions. This minireview focuses on activation of the(More)
Selenoenzymes and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-regulated phase II enzymes comprise key components of the cellular redox and antioxidant systems, which show multiple interrelations. Deficiency of the micronutrient selenium (Se) and impaired biosynthesis of selenoproteins have been reported to result in induction of Nrf2 target genes.(More)
The ubiquitously expressed aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) induces drug metabolizing enzymes as well as regulators of cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis. Certain AhR ligands promote atherosclerosis, an age-associated vascular disease. Therefore, we investigated the role of AhR in vascular functionality and aging. We report a lower pulse wave(More)
Reaktive Sauerstoffspezies (ROS) sind wichtige Signalmoleküle in menschlichen Zellen. Physiologische Konzentrationen schützen beispielsweise vor Apoptose und wirken als sekundärer Botenstoff in vielen verschiedenen Signalwegen. Die Redoxhomöostase stellt das physiologische Gleichgewicht zwischen Bildung und Abbau von ROS dar. Störungen der Redoxhomöostase(More)