Anna Di Popolo

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The molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii was investigated in the medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital in Italy during two window periods in which two sequential A. baumannii epidemics occurred. Genotype analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of A. baumannii isolates from 131(More)
The molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii was investigated in two intensive care units of the V. Monaldi university hospital in Naples, Italy, from May 2006 to December 2007. Genotype analysis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), trilocus sequence-based typing (3LST), and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of A.(More)
Thirty-five multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains, representative of 28 outbreaks involving 484 patients from 20 hospitals in Greece, Italy, Lebanon and Turkey from 1999 to 2009, were analysed by multilocus sequence typing. Sequence type (ST)2, ST1, ST25, ST78 and ST20 caused 12, four, three, three and two outbreaks involving 227, 93, 62, 62(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been suggested to play a role in the development of gastric carcinoma in humans. Also, mounting evidence indicates that cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is associated with gastrointestinal carcinogenesis. We studied the effect of H. pylori on the expression and activity of cyclooxygenase-1 and cyclooxygenase-2 in MKN 28 gastric(More)
The genus Acinetobacter currently contains up to 32 described named and unnamed (genomic) species (3). Acinetobacter baumannii, genomic species 3, and 13TU, three of the most clinically relevant species, are genetically and phenotypically very similar to an environmental species, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and are therefore grouped together into the(More)
We investigated the basis of the carbapenem resistance of 17 multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii clinical isolates collected from 2004 to 2005 at the Saint George University Hospital in Beirut, Lebanon. A. baumannii isolates were clonally related and were susceptible to colistin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, susceptible or intermediate to(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a non-fermentative, gram-negative rod, is responsible for a wide variety of clinical syndromes in NICU patients, including sepsis, pneumonia, meningitis, diarrhea, conjunctivitis and skin infections. An increased number of infections and colonisations by P. aeruginosa has been observed in the neonatal intensive care unit(More)
AIM To report an outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Acinetobacter baumannii in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of an Italian university hospital. Patient risk profiles for acquisition of A. baumannii and measures used to control the outbreak are described. METHODS Antibiotic susceptibility of strains was evaluated by microdilution.(More)
BACKGROUND Host response plays a major role in pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastroduodenal disease including adenocarcinoma of distal stomach. Epidermal growth factor-related growth factors are important modulators of gastric homeostasis in normal and damaged gastrointestinal mucosa. AIM To evaluate expression of heparin binding epidermal(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated the genetic and molecular basis of high-level resistance to gentamicin and amikacin in 91 clinical isolates of Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium in a university hospital in southern Italy from 1987 to 2003. METHODS Antibiotic susceptibility was evaluated by disc diffusion and microdilution methods. Genotyping was(More)