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What Is an Ascidian? Ascidians, or sea squirts, are invertebrate chordates that belong to the earliest branch in the chordate phylum, the subphylum Urochordata or Tunicata (Figure 1A). Ascid-ian larvae possess a prototypical chordate body plan involve cellular rearrangements that are comparable to those seen in vertebrates, except that ascidian embryos …at(More)
We report the cloning and expression pattern of Ci-msxb the second Ciona intestinalis homeobox gene homologue to the Drosophila muscle segment homeobox (msh) gene. Northern blot analysis showed that transcripts appeared at gastrula stage, peaked in the early tailbud and decreased during the tailed stages. Whole mount in situ hybridization showed that the(More)
Several homeobox-containing genes related to Drosophila Distal-less (Dll) have been isolated from a wide variety of organisms and have been shown to function as developmental regulators. While in Drosophila only one Dll gene has been described so far, in Vertebrates many components of the Dlx multigenic family have been characterized. This suggests that,(More)
Ascidians belong to the tunicates, the sister group of vertebrates and are recognized model organisms in the field of embryonic development, regeneration and stem cells. ANISEED is the main information system in the field of ascidian developmental biology. This article reports the development of the system since its initial publication in 2010. Over the(More)
Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays allow the efficient characterization of the in vivo occupancy of genomic regions by DNA-binding proteins and thus facilitate the prediction of cis-regulatory sequences in silico and guide their validation in vivo. For these reasons, these assays and their permutations (e.g., ChIP-on-chip and ChIP-sequencing) are(More)
Homeobox genes cloned from the purple sea star Pisaster ochraceus (Phylum Echinodermata/Class Asteroidea) were used along with related sequences available from members of other representative animal phyla to generate molecular phylogenies for Distal-less/Dlx, Hox5, Hox7, and Hox9/10 homeobox genes. Phylogenetic relationships were inferred based on the(More)
Thanks to their transparent and rapidly developing mosaic embryos, ascidians (or sea squirts) have been a model system for embryological studies for over a century. Recently, ascidians have entered the postgenomic era, with the sequencing of the Ciona intestinalis genome and the accumulation of molecular resources that rival those available for fruit flies(More)
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