Anna D'odorico

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OBJECTIVE The clinical course of Crohn's disease is often unpredictable. The aim of this study was to select the most useful parameters able to predict clinical relapses. METHODS One hundred-thirty Crohn's disease patients in clinical remission were followed every 4 months for 2 yr or until clinical relapse. Demographic and clinical data were recorded and(More)
OBJECTIVES Diagnosis in chronic diarrhea in the absence of a distinctive clinical pattern is often challenging, as biochemical tests prescribed at the first evaluation do not show enough sensitivity and specificity to tailor further investigation. Intestinal permeability to sugars is an accurate test for detecting intestinal damage. The aim of this study(More)
Numerous factors seem to affect zinc absorption. Gastric acid secretion has been demonstrated to facilitate iron absorption. The zinc tolerance test (ZTT with ZnSO4 220 mg p.o.) was performed in 11 healthy volunteers to study the effects of administering the acid secretion inhibitor cimetidine (1 g/day p.o. for 3 days) and to evaluate the influence of HCl(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is believed to play a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-related intestinal damage. Circulating antioxidants may have a role to play in preventing free radical-mediated tissue injury. METHODS Plasma vitamin A, E and carotenoid concentrations, leukocytic genomic damage and 8-hydroxy-deoxy-guanosine(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatobiliary complications occur in inflammatory bowel disease and may be caused by the translocation of intestinal toxins from portal blood into bile through leaky hepatocyte tight junctions. The role of tight junctions in the pathogenesis of hepatobiliary complications in experimental inflammatory bowel disease was investigated. (More)
OBJECTIVES Small intestinal permeability is often increased in patients with Crohn's disease and may be pathogenic for clinical relapses. No effective prophylactic treatment is available for these patients. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether zinc supplementation may improve intestinal permeability. METHODS We studied 12 patients with quiescent(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs) are prone to develop other autoimmune manifestations and to display autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes. An increased prevalence of celiac disease (CD) was demonstrated in adult European and Italian patients with AITDs; conversely, an increased prevalence of AITDs was demonstrated in patients with(More)
Fifty patients with UC and 50 matched controls with urolithiasis were interviewed with the SADS (lifetime version) and completed the SCL-90. According to information given during the SADS, there was a history of psychiatric disturbance in 11 UC patients (22%) and 8 controls (16%). At the time of the interview a psychiatric disturbance was present in 31 UC(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment of celiac disease is based on lifelong withdrawal of foods containing gluten. Unfortunately, compliance with a gluten-free diet has proved poor in many patients (mainly due to its low palatability), emphasizing the need for cereal varieties that are not toxic for celiac patients. In evolutionary terms, Triticum monococcum is the(More)
BACKGROUND The Th2 cytokine IL-4 might limit H. pylori associated gastric inflammation and favour H. pylori clearance. The aim of the study was to verify whether IL-4 -588C>T SNP, or two SNPs of the gene coding the alpha chain of IL-4 receptor (IL-4RA Ex5+14A>G, IL-4RA Ex11+828A>G) considered singly or as haplotypes, are correlated with H. pylori virulence(More)