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In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Ghana, 67 onchocerciasis patients received 200-mg/day doxycycline for 4–6 weeks, followed by ivermectin (IVM) after 6 months. After 6–27 months, efficacy was evaluated by onchocercoma histology, PCR and microfilariae determination. Administration of doxycycline resulted in endobacteria depletion and female worm(More)
Lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti or Brugia spp. is a public health problem in developing countries. To monitor bancroftian filariasis infections, Circulating Filarial Antigen (CFA) test is commonly used, but for brugian infections only microfilariae (Mf) microscopy and indirect IgG4 antibody analyses are available. Improved diagnostics(More)
The human parasite Onchocerca volvulus harbours Wolbachia endosymbionts essential for worm embryogenesis, larval development and adult survival. In this study, the development of Wolbachia-depleted microfilariae (first stage larvae) to infective third stage larvae (L3) in the insect vector Simulium damnosum was analysed. Infected volunteers in Cameroon were(More)
Antigen testing and ultrasound detection have shown that many persons are infected with Wuchereria bancrofti even though they do not have microfilariae (Mf) in the blood. To ascertain the role of human host immunogenetics on the lack of circulating Mf in the blood, 152 lymphatic filariasis (LF)-infected patients comprising 118 patients with microfilaremic(More)
Infection with the filarial nematode Wuchereria bancrofti can lead to lymphedema, hydrocele, and elephantiasis. Since adult worms cause pathology in lymphatic filariasis (LF), it is imperative to discover macrofilaricidal drugs for the treatment of the infection. Endosymbiotic Wolbachia in filariae have emerged as a new target for antibiotics which can lead(More)
A review of the occurrence, general characteristics, and identification procedures for Group G streptococci is presented. Group G streptococci cause the same types of infection and have similar morphological characteristics as the other beta-hemolytic streptococci. If serological methods are used for identification, cross reactions may be seen between Group(More)