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Although elevations of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations have been shown to have prognostic significance in patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the relation between plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiovascular mortality remains unknown. To test the prognostic value of plasma ANP and BNP after AMI,(More)
1. Plasma human brain natriuretic peptide-like immunoreactivity (hBNP-li) was measured in ten patients with chronic renal failure before and after 4 h of haemodialysis. 2. Plasma hBNP-li was elevated in all patients before dialysis (mean +/- SEM 21.0 +/- 3.8 pmol/l) compared with healthy control subjects (1.3 +/- 0.2 pmol/l, n = 11), but showed considerable(More)
BACKGROUND QT interval prolongation and dispersion have been implicated in serious arrhythmias in congestive heart failure (CHF) and the congenital and drug-induced long-QT syndromes (LQTS). In a subset of the congenital LQTS, infusion of potassium can correct QT abnormalities, consistent with in vitro increases in outward currents such as I(Kr) or I(Kl)(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental evidence shows that activation of the autonomic nervous system influences ventricular repolarization and, therefore, the QT interval on the ECG. To test the hypothesis that the QT interval is abnormal in autonomic dysfunction, we examined ECGs in patients with severe primary autonomic failure and in patients with congenital dopamine(More)
AIMS The presence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and symptomatic heart failure is an ominous sign. There are insufficient data regarding the risk conferred by increasing severity of PH in patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a record linkage study in Tayside, Scotland (population(More)
The effect of dietary sodium loading on plasma human brain natriuretic peptide-like immunoreactivity (hBNP-li) was examined in 11 normotensive subjects aged 20-23 years. Plasma hBNP-li increased significantly with increasing dietary sodium intake, with levels of 1.33 +/- 0.17 pmol/l on day 5 of a normal-sodium diet (24-h urinary sodium excretion of 171 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the extent of drug-induced QT prolongation by dofetilide is greater in sinus rhythm (SR) after cardioversion compared with during atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Anecdotes suggest that when action potential-prolonging antiarrhythmic drugs are used for AF, excessive QT prolongation(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent evidence suggests the presence of a dual natriuretic peptide system consisting of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) from the atrium and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) from the ventricle. Discrete roles have been postulated for these two natriuretic peptides in the control of circulatory homeostasis. We have therefore compared the release of(More)
Pacemaker implantation remains the only therapeutic option that improves morbidity and mortality for patients with symptomatic bradycardia. However, pacing from the right ventricular apex can induce dyssynchronous activation of the ventricles, increase sympathetic activation, cause abnormalities in myocardial perfusion, worsen cardiac output and endothelial(More)