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OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a radiologic technique in increasing colon visibility in colonic transit time studies. Three radiologists counted segmental colonic radiopaque markers in two patient groups, based on classic criteria in the first group and also on a colonic barium trace in the second.(More)
BACKGROUND Allocation of deceased-donor livers to patients with chronic liver failure is improved by prioritising patients by 5-year liver transplantation survival benefit. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging has been proposed as the standard means to assess for prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. We aimed to create a(More)
BACKGROUND Whether sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS) subsides after biochemical and clinical remission of acromegaly is controversial. OBJECTIVE To assess the presence of SAS in a cohort of acromegalic patients, which included a subgroup with active disease and a subgroup in remission, and to evaluate clinical and biochemical independent predictors of SAS. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS For several years hepatologists have defined acute renal failure in patients with cirrhosis as an increase in serum creatinine (sCr) ≥ 50% to a final value of sCr>1.5mg/dl (conventional criterion). Recently, the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) defined acute renal failure as acute kidney injury (AKI) on the basis of an absolute increase(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Sufficiently powered studies to investigate the CKD prevalence are few and do not cover southern Europe. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS For the INCIPE study, 6200 Caucasian patients ≥40 years old were randomly selected in northeastern Italy in 2006. Laboratory determinations were centralized. The albumin to(More)
BACKGROUND Relationships between anthropometric measures, body proportions, weight and penile dimensions in young adult males have not been previously analyzed. Furthermore, although male fertility has declined in last decades, no data on testicular volume (the best surrogate measure for spermatogenic potential) are available for the general population of(More)
BACKGROUND Few data exist about transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with low ejection fraction. The aim of the study was to analyze safety, feasibility, and efficacy of TAVI in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS The study sample (384 patients) was divided into 2 groups: group A (50 patients) with(More)
BACKGROUND Early surgical removal of cerebral AVMs is a relatively infrequent therapeutic option when dealing with a cerebral hemorrhage caused by AVM rupture: even in the case of low-grade AVMs, delayed treatment is, if possible, preferred because it is considered safer for patients and more comfortable for surgeons. To assess whether acute surgery may be(More)
BACKGROUND Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are pathologies caused by the deficit of lysosomal enzymes; late diagnosis may render therapeutic programs less effective. As early, pre-symptomatic detection could change the natural history of the disease, we are setting up rapid microassays using dried blood spots (DBS) on filter paper. Here we report(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the association between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and polymorphisms in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGF receptor KDR gene polymorphisms. A complex, multifactorial disease in which genetic and environmental factors interact, AMD is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Vascular endothelial growth(More)