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In recent decades, growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy in human subjects deficient in the hormone has resulted in a number of beneficial effects on cognitive performance. Studies in hypophysectomised rats report similar effects of GH treatment on learning and memory tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of GH to reverse(More)
Previous studies have indicated that both growth hormone (GH) deficiency and diabetes are conditions associated with impairments in learning and memory processes. In this study, we investigated the effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on spatial learning in mice using the Barnes maze (BM). The expression of the GH receptor (GHR) gene transcript in(More)
We previously demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of the substance P (SP) aminoterminal fragment SP(1-7) attenuates the expression of morphine withdrawal in the male rat. In this study we have used a synthetic analogue of this peptide, i.e. the SP(1-7) amide showing higher binding potency than the native heptapeptide, in a(More)
Hypoalgesia is one of the serious complications in diabetes. Since there are few therapeutic treatments for this diabetic hypoalgesia, the present study was designed to examine the effect of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) on the changes of nociceptive threshold in diabetic mice. For prophylactic study, ALC was administered once daily from 1 day after the(More)
We previously demonstrated that intrathecal treatment with substance P metabolite substance P(1-7) induced anti-hyperalgesia in diabetic mice. In the present study, we have used a synthetic analog of this peptide, the substance P(1-7) amide, showing higher binding affinity than the native heptapeptide, for studies of the tail-flick response in diabetic and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that intrathecal administration of the substance P amino-terminal metabolite substance P1-7 (SP1-7) and its C-terminal amidated congener induced antihyperalgesic effects in diabetic mice. In this study, we studied a small synthetic dipeptide related to SP1-7 and endomorphin-2, i.e. Phe-Phe amide, using the(More)
We have recently explored the role of the tachykinin substance P neuroactive fragment substance P(1-7) in the mediation of anti-inflammatory effects using a blister model in the rat paw (Wiktelius et al., 2006). We observed that this heptapeptide induced a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on the substance P-induced response, which was reversible by the(More)
1. The humoral immunosystem is impaired in those cases of catabolic metabolism in which quantitative and qualitative insufficient alimentation is expected after operation. 2. We showed that after cardiac surgery with extracorporal circulation as well as after other operations a reasonably balanced parenteral nutrition composed of carbohydrates and amino(More)
The N-terminal substance P fragment SP(1-7) is known to modulate hyperalgesia and opioid withdrawal in animal models. This study examined the effects of intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of SP(1-7) on chronic morphine tolerance and on the levels of dynorphin B (DYN B) and nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) in various brain areas of male Sprague-Dawley rats.(More)