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Identification of genes associated with pain insensitivity syndromes can increase the understanding of the pathways involved in pain and contribute to the understanding of how sensory pathways relate to other neurological functions. In this report we describe the mapping and identification of the gene responsible for loss of deep pain perception in a large(More)
In recent decades, growth hormone (GH) replacement therapy in human subjects deficient in the hormone has resulted in a number of beneficial effects on cognitive performance. Studies in hypophysectomised rats report similar effects of GH treatment on learning and memory tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of GH to reverse(More)
Previous studies have indicated that both growth hormone (GH) deficiency and diabetes are conditions associated with impairments in learning and memory processes. In this study, we investigated the effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on spatial learning in mice using the Barnes maze (BM). The expression of the GH receptor (GHR) gene transcript in(More)
We previously demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of the substance P (SP) aminoterminal fragment SP(1-7) attenuates the expression of morphine withdrawal in the male rat. In this study we have used a synthetic analogue of this peptide, i.e. the SP(1-7) amide showing higher binding potency than the native heptapeptide, in a(More)
In iron overload disorders a significant fraction of the total iron circulates in the plasma as low molecular weight complexes not bound to transferrin, known as non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI). By catalyzing the formation of free radicals, NTBI accumulation results in oxidative stress and cellular damage, being a major cause of organ toxicity. NTBI is(More)
Iron is an essential nutrient in several biological processes such as oxygen transport, DNA replication and erythropoiesis. Plasma iron normally circulates bound to transferrin. In iron overload disorders, however, iron concentrations exceed transferrin binding capacity and iron appears complexed with low molecular weight molecules, known as(More)
Invertebrate harvesting is an important livelihood in tropical settings providing income and food for numerous populations throughout the world. However, the lack of research, policy and management directed towards this livelihood hinders the analysis of time trends to evaluate invertebrate resources status. Another missing aspect is the consideration of(More)
We previously demonstrated that intrathecal treatment with substance P metabolite substance P(1-7) induced anti-hyperalgesia in diabetic mice. In the present study, we have used a synthetic analog of this peptide, the substance P(1-7) amide, showing higher binding affinity than the native heptapeptide, for studies of the tail-flick response in diabetic and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that intrathecal administration of the substance P amino-terminal metabolite substance P1-7 (SP1-7) and its C-terminal amidated congener induced antihyperalgesic effects in diabetic mice. In this study, we studied a small synthetic dipeptide related to SP1-7 and endomorphin-2, i.e. Phe-Phe amide, using the(More)
We have recently explored the role of the tachykinin substance P neuroactive fragment substance P(1-7) in the mediation of anti-inflammatory effects using a blister model in the rat paw (Wiktelius et al., 2006). We observed that this heptapeptide induced a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on the substance P-induced response, which was reversible by the(More)