Learn More
CONTEXT The clinical and etiologic relation between autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and schizophrenia is unclear. The degree to which these disorders share a basis in etiology has important implications for clinicians, researchers, and those affected by the disorders. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a family history of schizophrenia and/or bipolar(More)
BACKGROUND Migration has been implicated as a risk factor for autism, but evidence is limited and inconsistent. AIMS To investigate the relationship between parental migration status and risk of autism spectrum disorder, taking into consideration the importance of region of origin, timing of migration and possible discrepancies in associations between(More)
We investigated the mRNA expression of the human endogenous retrovirus ERV3 (HERV-R) in several normal and corresponding tumor tissues. The env gene of ERV3 is expressed as mRNA in several tissues. Comparison of ERV3 mRNA expression by Northern analyses, revealed a non-systematic variation. Expression was shown to be particularly high in the adrenal gland(More)
Molecular genetic studies of the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have led to the identification of more than 200 genes. Besides the large number of genes in the MHC, densely clustered areas of retroelements have been identified. These include short and long interspersed elements (SINEs and LINEs), and human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). The(More)
Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke is suggested as a potential risk factor for autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Previous epidemiological studies of this topic have yielded mixed findings. We performed a case-control study of 3,958 ASD cases and 38,983 controls nested in a large register-based cohort in Sweden. ASD case status was measured using a(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiological studies in the United States consistently find autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to be overrepresented in high socioeconomic status (SES) families. These findings starkly contrast with SES gradients of many health conditions, and may result from SES inequalities in access to services. We hypothesized that prenatal measures of low,(More)
BACKGROUND The objectives of this study were to examine the independent and dependent associations of maternal and paternal age and risk of offspring autism spectrum disorders (ASD), with and without intellectual disability (ID). METHODS The sample consisted of 417 303 Swedish children born 1984-2003. ASD case status (N = 4746) was ascertained using(More)
Although there is increasing evidence that genetic factors influence gestational age, it is unclear to what extent this is due to fetal and/or maternal genes. In this study, we apply a novel analytical model to estimate genetic and environmental contributions to pregnancy history records obtained from 165,952 Swedish families consisting of offspring of(More)
Motoneurons are important for regulating the function and properties of skeletal muscle. In the present study high-density oligonucleotide arrays have been used to compare gene expression in innervated and six-days denervated NMRI mouse skeletal muscle. To avoid looking at genes mainly participating in the process of atrophy, both hind-limb muscles(More)
ERV9 is a class I family of human endogenous retroviral sequences. Somatic cell hybrid genomic hybridization experiments using a mono-chromosomal panel indicate the presence of approximately 120 ERV9 loci in the human genome distributed on most chromosomes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using an ERV9 cDNA probe containing gag, pol and env(More)