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The pork industry uses pH to differentiate product of varying quality; thus, the effect of pH on shelf-life is important as time during transport is extended. The objective was to develop regression equations to predict shelf-life over a range of ultimate pH (5.42-6.26). Shelf-life was evaluated after vacuum aging pork loin sections 0, 7, 14, 21, or 28d and(More)
Objectives of this study were to determine the effects of feeding ractopamine hydrochloride (Optaflexx) with or without supplemental Zn propionate (KemTRACE Zn) and Cr propionate (KemTRACE Cr) to finishing steers on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality. Angus cross steers (n = 142; BW = 527 ± 14 kg) were blocked by BW into 4 blocks(More)
Our objective was to determine sensitivity of myostatin null (MN) mice to obesity induction by dietary or genetic means. To induce dietary obesity, 3-week-old wild type (WT) and MN mice were fed diets with 60% calories (HF) or 10% calories from fat (LF) for 4 weeks. MN mice did gain body fat on the HF diet but to a lesser extent than WT mice. Body weight(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of antioxidant inclusion and oil quality on broiler performance, meat quality, shelf life, and tissue oxidative status. Ross 308 male broilers were allotted to a randomized complete block design in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Factors consisted of antioxidant (ethoxyquin and propyl gallate)(More)
The objective was to evaluate the effect of feeding oxidized corn oil with or without a dietary antioxidant (AOX) on performance, tissue oxidative status, and meat quality in barrows. One hundred sixty barrows were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial of treatments in a complete randomized block design with 8 pens per treatment and 5 pigs per pen. Diets contained(More)
The objective was to determine which tissue components contributed to the reduction in carcass yield of immunologically castrated (IC) barrows when compared to physically castrated (PC) barrows. The carcass yield of an IC barrow is less than the carcass yield of a PC barrow. This has historically been attributed to the presence of testicles, but the testes(More)
Body weights of finishing pigs can be variable within a finishing barn near the time of slaughter; therefore, it is common to market pigs over a period of time. This allows lighter pigs more time to gain BW and approach a desired end point. Use of immunological castration late in life to control boar taint, as an alternative to physical castration early in(More)
In mice, the myostatin (Mstn) null mutation and treatment with clenbuterol both increase muscle growth and decrease fat mass. Our objective was to determine whether mechanistic overlap exists by administering clenbuterol to Mstn null mice. Male Mstn null and wild-type mice of similar genetic backgrounds received either 0 (control) or 20 p.p.m. clenbuterol(More)
Fresh pork sausage was manufactured to determine the effects of animal diet (unsaturated or control) and inclusion of corn oil during processing (0% and 14% fat replacement). Bologna was manufactured to investigate only diet effects. Processing, textural, sensory, visual, and storage characteristics were evaluated. Processing yield was improved 2.9(More)
Gilts (n=45) were used in this study to characterize the effect of genotype on loin characteristics and quality over the length of the loin. Three diverse genotypes included a high quality Duroc line (A), a Duroc based composite line selected for lean growth (B), and an F1 cross of the two (C). After harvest, bone-in loins were removed from the carcass and(More)