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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are among the most threatening pollutants widely present in the environment. Simple and economic methods of continuous monitoring of these compounds in real time are not yet available, although becoming increasingly needed. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) present unique characteristics of thermal and chemical stability for(More)
Two different classes of chemosensory proteins (CSPs) in Locusta migratoria have been identified on the basis of the molecular cloning of a series of different cDNAs from the antennae of this insect. Several CSP isoforms have been purified and biochemically characterized from antennal and wing extracts, some of them corresponding to expression products(More)
We have identified, cloned and expressed a new chemosensory protein (CSP) in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria belonging to a third sub-class of these polypeptides. Polyclonal antibodies stained a band of 14 kDa, as expected, in the extracts of antennae and palps of the adults, but not in the 4th and 5th instars. In the related species Locusta(More)
Three related nucleotide sequences, encoding mature proteins of 108-113 amino acids, have been obtained from antennal cDNA of the Phasmid Eurycantha calcarata. Among these, one is also expressed in the tarsi as demonstrated by N-terminal sequence and mass spectrometric analyses of protein samples isolated from both organs. PCR experiments performed with(More)
The structure of circulating chromogranin A (CgA) of phaeochromocytoma patients was characterised and compared with that of CgA extracted from tumours. Size exclusion chromatography experiments provided evidence that CgA is present in the blood of different patients, as well as in tumour extracts, as multiple forms having different hydrodynamic sizes of 600(More)
Members of the odorant-binding protein (OBP) and chemosensory protein (CSP) families were identified and characterised in the sensory tissues of the social wasp Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Unlike most insects so far investigated, OBPs were detected in antennae, legs and wings, while CSPs appeared to be preferentially expressed in the(More)
The cDNA for streptavidin (residues 15-159) was subcloned into an expression vector in fusion at the N-terminus with the T7-tag (12 residues). Conditions were found to express the protein in Escherichia coli in a soluble, assembled, and active form. The protein was purified in two simple steps which involved heating at 75 degreesC and affinity(More)
The expression of chemosensory proteins (CSPs) and odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) in individuals of different castes and ages have been monitored in three species of social hymenopterans, Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae), Vespa crabro (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) and Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera, Apidae), using PCR with specific primers and polyclonal(More)
Thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) are polypeptides of about 200 residues synthesized by plants in response to fungal infection. In addition to the exceptionally strong sweet taste exhibited by some members, they are also reported to be endowed with endo-beta-1,3-glucanase activity and alpha-amylase inhibiting properties. However, the detailed mechanism of(More)
Vasostatins (VS) are vasoinhibitory peptides derived from the N-terminal domain of chromogranin A, a secretory protein present in the electron-dense granules of many neuroendocrine cells. In this work we describe a method for the production in Escherichia coli of large amounts of recombinant vasostatins, corresponding to chromogranin A residues 1-78 (VS-1),(More)