Anna Bergsmedh

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Tumor formation involves the accumulation of a series of genetic alterations that are required for malignant growth. In most malignancies, genetic changes can be observed at the chromosomal level as losses or gains of whole or large portions of chromosomes. Here we provide evidence that tumor DNA may be horizontally transferred by the uptake of apoptotic(More)
In this study we have raised the question of whether DNA can be transferred from one cell to another by phagocytosis of apoptotic bodies. We have used integrated copies of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as a marker to follow the fate and expression pattern of apoptotic DNA in the phagocytotic host. Apoptosis was induced in EBV-carrying cell lines by(More)
Tumor endothelial cells have long been regarded as genomically stable and therefore less likely to develop resistance to antiangiogenic therapies. However, recent findings have challenged this notion. We have shown that DNA can be transferred between cells through phagocytosis of apoptotic bodies by adjacent viable cells. Propagation of the ingested DNA is(More)
We have shown previously that phagocytosis of cells dying by apoptosis results in transfer of whole or fragments of chromosomes into the nucleus of the recipient cell. Although DNA transfer was detected in normal cells, stable propagation of the transferred DNA was only observed in cells deficient in p53. Here we show that mouse embryonic fibroblast cells(More)
We have previously shown that DNA from dying tumor cells may be transferred to living cells via the uptake of apoptotic bodies and may contribute to tumor progression. DNA encoding H-ras(V12) and c-myc oncogenes may be transferred to the nucleus of the phagocyte but will only integrate and propagate in p53- and p21-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts,(More)
Pluripotent stem cells hold great promise for cell-based therapies in regenerative medicine. However, critical to understanding and exploiting mechanisms of cell lineage specification, epigenetic reprogramming, and the optimal environment for maintaining and differentiating pluripotent stem cells is a fundamental knowledge of how these events occur in(More)
We have previously shown that DNA can be transferred to phagocytosing cells via the uptake of apoptotic cells. We report a model system that facilitates study of antigen presentation of genes transferred specifically via horizontal gene transfer. Constructs were generated encoding the LacZ gene or the influenza A nucleoprotein silenced by a STOP sequence(More)
We have shown previously that phagocytosis of cells dying by apoptosis results in transfer of whole or fragments of chromosomes into the nucleus of the recipient cell. Although DNA transfer was detected in normal cells, stable propagation of the transferred DNA was only observed in cells deficient in p53. Here we show that mouse embryonic fibroblast cells(More)
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