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The accuracy of 18S rRNA, beta-actin mRNA and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA as indicators of cell number when used for normalization in gene expression analysis of T lymphocytes at different activation stages was investigated. Quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the expression(More)
Intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) in normal human small intestine exhibit cytotoxicity. This study was undertaken to characterize the effector cells and their mode of action. Freshly isolated jejunal IEL and lamina propria lymphocytes (LPL), as well as IEL and LPL depleted of CD4+, CD8+ and T-cell receptor (TCR)-gammadelta+ cells were used as effector cells(More)
BACKGROUND Coeliac disease is a small intestine enteropathy caused by permanent intolerance to wheat gluten. Gluten intake by patients with coeliac disease provokes a strong reaction by intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), which normalises on a gluten-free diet. AIM To investigate whether impaired extrathymic T cell maturation and/or secondary T(More)
Ulcerative colitis (UC), a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, exhibits pronounced increase of T lymphocytes in the inflamed mucosa. To understand the role of intestinal T lymphocytes in the pathogenesis of UC their cytokine production in the mucosa was analysed. Intestinal T lymphocytes of UC, Crohn's disease and control patients were analysed for cytokine(More)
Two new 5'-untranslated region (5'UTR) exons were identified in the human gene for the lymphocyte-specific endonuclease recombination activating gene-1 (RAG1) required for the somatic recombination yielding functional Ag receptors. These 5'UTR exons were used in three different splice forms by jejunal lymphocytes of the T cell lineage. RAG1 mRNA containing(More)
Background: Celiac disease (CD) is a small intestine enteropathy caused by permanent wheat gluten intolerance. Gluten intake by CD patients provokes a strong reaction by intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), which normalizes on a gluten-free diet. Aim: To investigate whether impaired extrathymic T cell maturation and/or secondary T cell receptor(More)
lymphocytes regulate the initiation, duration, and magnitude of adaptive immune responses and function as effector cells in cell mediated immunity. To become immunologically competent they must generate functional antigen receptors. This process takes place in the thymus and requires somatic recombination of T cell receptor (TCR) genes. It is mediated by(More)
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