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Modified thrombin-binding aptamers carrying 2'-deoxyguanine (dG) residues with locked North- or South-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane pseudosugars were synthesized. Individual 2'-deoxyguanosines at positions dG5, dG10, dG14 and dG15 of the aptamer were replaced by these analogues where the North/anti and South/syn conformational states were confined. It was found that(More)
The structure of parallel-stranded duplexes of DNA-containing a mixture of guanines (G) and adenines (A) is studied by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, as well as NMR and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Results demonstrate that the structure is based on the Hoogsteen motif rather than on the reverse Watson-Crick one. Molecular dynamics(More)
A method for the preparation of oligomers by linking chromophore units is described. Specifically, the synthesis of chromophore units having a protected-hydroxyl group and a phosphoramidite function is described, along with a method to link several units using solid-phase phosphite-triester protocols.
The synthesis of oligomers containing two or three acridine units linked through 2-aminoethylglycine using solid-phase methodology is described. Subsequent studies on cell viability showed that these compounds are not cytotoxic. Binding to several DNA structures was studied by competitive dialysis, which showed a clear affinity for DNA sequences that form(More)
The B-cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) gene contains a region that has been implicated in the regulation of bcl-2 gene expression. This region can form G-quadruplex structures in solution [J.X. Dai, T.S. Dexheimer, D. Chen, M. Carver, A. Ambrus, R.A. Jones, D.Z. Yang, An intramolecular G-quadruplex structure with mixed parallel/antiparallel G-strands formed in the(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of aptamers, antisense technology and RNA interference has allowed nucleic acids to be considered as promising alternatives to classical drugs. However, nucleic acids face several obstacles in the creation of effective nucleic acid drugs. The development of these approaches has strengthened the pipeline with an increasing number of(More)
Oligonucleotide conjugates carrying carbohydrates at the 5'-end have been prepared. Glucose, fucose, and saccharides containing glucose at the nonreducing end were attached to DNA strands using the classical phosphoramidite chemistry. Two types of spacers and a dendron scaffold helped to obtain a diversity of sugar presentations in the DNA conjugates.(More)
Protein-carbohydrate recognition is of fundamental importance for a large number of biological processes; carbohydrate-aromatic stacking is a widespread, but poorly understood, structural motif in this recognition. We describe, for the first time, the measurement of carbohydrate-aromatic interactions from their contribution to the stability of a(More)
Two different series of oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates have been efficiently synthesized by stepwise solid-phase synthesis. First, oligonucleotides and oligonucleotide phosphorothioates containing polar groups at the 3'-termini, such as amine and guanidinium groups were prepared. ODNs conjugates carrying several lysine residues were obtained directly(More)
Oligoribonucleotide conjugates carrying nuclear localization peptide sequences at the 3'-end were prepared stepwise on a single support. The siRNA duplex carrying the nuclear localization peptide sequence at the 3'-end of the passenger strand has similar inhibitory properties as those of unmodified or cholesterol-modified RNA duplexes.