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Modified thrombin-binding aptamers carrying 2'-deoxyguanine (dG) residues with locked North- or South-bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane pseudosugars were synthesized. Individual 2'-deoxyguanosines at positions dG5, dG10, dG14 and dG15 of the aptamer were replaced by these analogues where the North/anti and South/syn conformational states were confined. It was found that(More)
INTRODUCTION The use of aptamers, antisense technology and RNA interference has allowed nucleic acids to be considered as promising alternatives to classical drugs. However, nucleic acids face several obstacles in the creation of effective nucleic acid drugs. The development of these approaches has strengthened the pipeline with an increasing number of(More)
Two different series of oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates have been efficiently synthesized by stepwise solid-phase synthesis. First, oligonucleotides and oligonucleotide phosphorothioates containing polar groups at the 3'-termini, such as amine and guanidinium groups were prepared. ODNs conjugates carrying several lysine residues were obtained directly(More)
Oligoribonucleotide conjugates carrying nuclear localization peptide sequences at the 3'-end were prepared stepwise on a single support. The siRNA duplex carrying the nuclear localization peptide sequence at the 3'-end of the passenger strand has similar inhibitory properties as those of unmodified or cholesterol-modified RNA duplexes.
The thrombin binding aptamer (TBA) is a well characterized chair-like, antiparallel quadruplex structure that binds specifically to thrombin at nanomolar concentrations and therefore it has interesting anticoagulant properties. In this article we review the research involved in the development of new TBA derivatives with improved anticoagulant properties as(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) is a proinflammatory cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although TNFα has been extensively targeted using systemic drugs, the use of antisense and small interfering RNA (siRNA) to drive down its expression at the site of inflammation should provide important advantages. In this study,(More)
Macromolecular nuclear import is an energy-and signal-dependent process. The best characterized type of nuclear import consists of proteins carrying the classical NLS that is mediated by the heterodimeric receptor importin alpha/beta. Spliceosomal snRNPs U1, U2, U4, and U5 nuclear import depend both on the 5' terminal m3G (trimethylguanosine) cap structure(More)
Guanine-rich regions of DNA are sequences capable of forming G-quadruplex structures. The formation of a G-quadruplex structure in a region 140 base pairs (bp) upstream of the c-kit transcription initiation site was recently proposed (Fernando et al., Biochemistry, 2006, 45, 7854). In the present study, the acid-base equilibria and the thermally induced(More)
The structure of parallel-stranded duplexes of DNA-containing a mixture of guanines (G) and adenines (A) is studied by means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, as well as NMR and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Results demonstrate that the structure is based on the Hoogsteen motif rather than on the reverse Watson-Crick one. Molecular dynamics(More)
Parallel-stranded hairpins with a polypyrimidine sequence linked to a complementary purine carrying 8-aminopurines such as 8-aminoadenine, 8-aminoguanine and 8-aminohypoxanthine bind polypyrimidine sequences complementary (in an antiparallel sense) to the purine part by a triple helix. The relative stabilities of triplexes were assessed by UV-absorption(More)