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UNLABELLED The objective was to evaluate whether the soluble fibre Plantago ovata (Po)-husk improves cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk biomarkers including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). METHODS In a multi-centred, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, randomised trial conducted in primary care-clinics in Spain, France and Holland,(More)
UNLABELLED DNA methylation regulates gene expression and can be modified by different bioactive compounds in foods, such as polyphenols. Cocoa is a rich source of polyphenols, but its role in DNA methylation is still unknown. The objective was to assess the effect of cocoa consumption on DNA methylation and to determine whether the enzymes involved in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Although a diet that is rich in fiber is widely recommended for preventing and treating constipation, the efficacy of fiber supplements have not been tested sufficiently in children. Our aim with this pilot study was to evaluate if fiber supplementation is beneficial for the treatment of children with idiopathic chronic constipation. METHODS(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyze whether consumption of a fiber-supplemented diet containing 3.5% Plantago ovata husks prevented many of the abnormalities clustered in the metabolic syndrome, including obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and endothelial dysfunction. For this purpose, obese Zucker rats, a model of type 2 diabetes, and their lean(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Our aim was to compare the effects of intake of diets supplemented with different dietary fibers, namely cellulose, methylcellulose or Plantago ovata husks, (insoluble, soluble non-fermentable, and soluble fermentable fiber, respectively), on the abnormalities clustered in the metabolic syndrome. METHODS Adult obese Zucker rats were(More)
The aim of the study was to compare the effect of the administration of a mixture of fibres on body weight-loss, satiety, lipid profile and glucose metabolism. We included 200 overweight or obese patients in a parallel, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, who were randomised to receive, in the context of an energy-restricted diet for a period(More)
BACKGROUND New dietary strategies to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk include the addition of fiber to the diet. The effect of soluble-fiber consumption derived from Plantago ovata husk on lipid risk factors in patients with CVD is unknown. OBJECTIVE We compared the effects of soluble fiber (P. ovata husk) with those of insoluble fiber (P. ovata(More)
It has been suggested that the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced by anaerobic bacterial intestinal fermentation of soluble fiber may regulate lipid metabolism in intestine, thus reducing plasma cholesterol levels. However, the exact mechanism of action of SCFAs in lowering cholesterol levels is not fully understood. The aims of this study were to(More)
UNLABELLED A dietary supplement (AP, Armolipid Plus) that combines red yeast rice extract, policosanol, berberine, folic acid, coenzyme Q10 and asthaxantine can have beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers. The aim of this study was to assess whether the intake of AP, in combination with dietary recommendations, reduces serum low(More)
Cachexia is a multiorganic syndrome associated with cancer, characterized by body weight loss, muscle and adipose tissue wasting and inflammation, being often associated with anorexia. The aim of the present review is to examine the impact of megestrol acetate in the treatment of cancer cachexia, both at the biochemical and physiological level taking into(More)