Anna Aldovini

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Immature dendritic cells are among the first cells infected by retroviruses after mucosal exposure. We explored the effects of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and its Tat transactivator on these primary antigen-presenting cells using DNA microarray analysis and functional assays. We found that HIV-1 infection or Tat expression induces interferon(More)
To identify RNA and protein sequences involved in packaging of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), various mutations were introduced into the viral genome. Portions of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 genome between the first splice donor site and the gag initiation codon were deleted to investigate the RNA packaging site (psi). Point(More)
Interaction of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag precursor polyprotein (Pr55Gag) with the viral genomic RNA is required for retroviral replication. Mutations that reduce RNA packaging efficiency have been localized to the highly basic nucleocapsid (NC) p7 domain of Pr55Gag, but the importance of the basic amino acid residues in specific(More)
We have established long-term cultures of several cell lines stably and uniformly expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in order to (a) identify naturally processed HIV-1 peptides recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) from HIV-1-seropositive individuals and (b) consider the hypothesis that naturally occurring epitope densities on(More)
Preventive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccination may require induction of virus-specific immune responses at mucosal sites to contain viral infection locally after exposure, as most HIV infections occur through mucosal surfaces. We compared the efficacy of an intranasal or intramuscular Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)+ interleukin (IL)-2+IL-15(More)
Human T-lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III) contains a gene (tat-III) the product of which activates the expression of viral genes in trans. We have expressed in Escherichia coli the complete tat-III-encoded protein as well as a truncated form that lacks three amino acids from the amino terminus. These proteins are recognized by sera of many, but not(More)
Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is a live, attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis used widely for tuberculosis prophylaxis and bladder cancer immunotherapy, although it has limitations in both contexts. To investigate whether BCG's immunostimulatory properties could be modified, and to gain insight into the interaction between mycobacteria and their hosts,(More)
The high mutation rate of HIV is linked to the generation of viruses expressing proteins with altered function whose impact on disease progression is unknown. We investigated how HIV-1 viruses lacking Env, Vpr, and Nef affect CD4(+) T cell survival. We found that in the absence of these proteins, HIV-1-infected CD4(+) primary T cells progress to the G(0)(More)
Apoptosis in HIV-1-infected CD4+ primary T cells is triggered by the alteration of the PI3K and p53 pathways, which converge on the FOXO3a transcriptional activator. Tat alone can cause activation of FOXO3a and of its proapoptotic target genes. To understand how Tat affects this pathway, we carried out ChIP-Chip experiments with Tat. Tat associates with the(More)
As a result of its interaction with transcription factors, HIV type 1 (HIV-1) Tat can modulate the expression of both HIV and cellular genes. In antigen-presenting cells Tat induces the expression of a subset of interferon (IFN)-stimulated genes (ISGs) in the absence of IFNs. We investigated the genome-wide Tat association with promoters in immature(More)