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Two forms of a novel antimicrobial peptide (AMP), named WAMP-1a and WAMP-1b, that differ by a single C-terminal amino acid residue and belong to a new structural type of plant AMP were purified from seeds of Triticum kiharae Dorof. et Migusch. Although WAMP-1a and WAMP-1b share similarity with hevein-type peptides, they possess 10 cysteine residues arranged(More)
A novel family of antifungal peptides was discovered in the wheat Triticum kiharae Dorof. et Migusch. Two members of the family, designated Tk-AMP-X1 and Tk-AMP-X2, were completely sequenced and shown to belong to the α-hairpinin structural family of plant peptides with a characteristic C1XXXC2-X(n)-C3XXXC4 motif. The peptides inhibit the spore germination(More)
Plant defense against disease is a complex multistage system involving initial recognition of the invading pathogen, signal transduction and activation of specialized genes. An important role in pathogen deterrence belongs to so-called plant defense peptides, small polypeptide molecules that present antimicrobial properties. Using multidimensional liquid(More)
Two novel highly homologous defensins, Sm-AMP-D1 and Sm-AMP-D2, were isolated from seeds of common chickweed Stellaria media L. (family Cariophyllaceae). They show sequence homology to defensins of the Brassicaceae plants and display strong inhibitory activity against phytopathogenic fungi and oomycetes in the micromolar range (IC(50)≤1μM). The cDNA(More)
Hevein-like plant defense peptides WAMP-1a/b with a unique 10-Cys motif are found in the wheat Triticum kiharae seeds. Three different wamp genomic and cDNA sequences were derived from T. kiharae; no introns were spotted in the protein-coding regions of the genes. The deduced Wamp precursor proteins consist of a signal peptide, mature peptide (WAMP) and(More)
Hevein, a well-studied lectin from the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis, is the title representative of a broad family of chitin-binding polypeptides. WAMP-1a, a peptide isolated from the wheat Triticum kiharae, shares considerable similarity with hevein. The peptide possesses antifungal, antibacterial activity and is thought to play an important role in the(More)
The multilayered plant immune system relies on rapid recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns followed by activation of defense-related genes, resulting in the reinforcement of plant cell walls and the production of antimicrobial compounds. To suppress plant defense, fungi secrete effectors, including a recently discovered Zn-metalloproteinase(More)
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are low-molecular-weight defense polypeptides produced in all living organisms either constitutively or upon perception of signals from pathogenic microorganisms. They are important components of the immune system in both animals and plants. AMPs differ in structure and mode of action. Most of them belong to the cysteine-rich(More)
A novel antifungal peptide, LAMP-1a, was isolated from sand-elymus (Leymus arenarius) seeds. Expression of a synthetic gene encoding this peptide in Escherichia coli cells was obtained. The target peptide was expressed as a fusion with thioredoxin. Identity of the recombinant peptide to native LAMP-1a was confirmed by chromatography, mass spectrometry, and(More)
A novel peptide named SmAMP3 was isolated from leaves of common chickweed (Stellaria media L.) by a combination of acidic extraction and a single-step reversed-phase HPLC and sequenced. The peptide is basic and cysteine-rich, consists of 35 amino acids, and contains three disulphide bridges. Homology search revealed that SmAMP3 belongs to the family of(More)