Anna A. Sablina

Learn More
It is widely accepted that the p53 tumor suppressor restricts abnormal cells by induction of growth arrest or by triggering apoptosis. Here we show that, in addition, p53 protects the genome from oxidation by reactive oxygen species (ROS), a major cause of DNA damage and genetic instability. In the absence of severe stresses, relatively low levels of p53(More)
Acting as a signal, hydrogen peroxide circumvents antioxidant defense by overoxidizing peroxiredoxins (Prxs), the enzymes that metabolize peroxides. We show that sestrins, a family of proteins whose expression is modulated by p53, are required for regeneration of Prxs containing Cys-SO(2)H, thus reestablishing the antioxidant firewall. Sestrins contain a(More)
The SV40 small t antigen (ST) is a potent oncoprotein that perturbs the function of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). ST directly interacts with the PP2A scaffolding A subunit and alters PP2A activity by displacing regulatory B subunits from the A subunit. We have determined the crystal structure of full-length ST in complex with PP2A A subunit at 3.1 A(More)
The serine-threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a heterotrimeric enzyme family that regulates numerous signaling pathways. Biallelic mutations of the structural PP2A Abeta subunit occur in several types of human tumors; however, the functional consequences of these cancer-associated PP2A Abeta mutations in cell transformation remain undefined. Here we(More)
Unrepaired DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) cause genetic instability that leads to malignant transformation or cell death. Cells respond to DSBs with the ordered recruitment of signaling and repair proteins to the sites of DNA lesions. Coordinated protein SUMOylation and ubiquitylation have crucial roles in regulating the dynamic assembly of protein(More)
The SV40 early region protein, SV40 small t antigen, promotes cell transformation through negative regulation of the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) family of serine–threonine phosphatases. More recently, reduced levels of PP2A activity have been found in different types of human cancer. This occurs either through inactivating mutations of PP2A structural(More)
The simian virus 40 small t (SV40ST) oncoprotein interacts with protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), an abundantly expressed family of serine-threonine phosphatases. This interaction is essential for the transformation of human cells by SV40, and several PP2A subunits have been implicated as tumor suppressor genes. However, the pathways controlled by specific(More)
The kinase oncogenes are well-characterized drivers of cancer development, and several targeted therapies focused on both specific and selectively nonselective kinase inhibitors have now been approved for clinical use. In contrast, much less is known about the role of protein phosphatases, although modulation of their activities might form the foundation(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activity is regulated by the antagonist function of activating kinases and inactivating protein phosphatases. Sustained ERK pathway activity is commonly observed in human malignancies; however, the mechanisms by which the pathway is protected from phosphatase-mediated(More)
Quiescence (G0) allows cycling cells to reversibly cease proliferation. A decision to enter quiescence is suspected of occurring early in G1, before the restriction point (R). Surprisingly, we have identified G2 as an interval during which inhibition of the protein phosphatase PP2A results in failure to exhibit stable quiescence. This effect is accompanied(More)