AnnMarie C. O'Donoghue

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Second-order rate constants were determined in D(2)O for deprotonation of acetamide, N,N-dimethylacetamide, and acetate anion by deuterioxide ion and for deprotonation of acetamide by quinuclidine. The values of k(B) = 4.8 x 10(-8) M(-1) s(-1) for deprotonation of acetamide by quinuclidine (pK(BH) = 11.5) and k(BH) = 2-5 x 10(9) M(-1) s(-1) for the(More)
The cleavage of the diribonucleoside UpU (uridylyl-3'-5'-uridine) to form uridine and uridine (2',3')-cyclic phosphate catalyzed by the dinuclear Zn(II) complex of 1,3-bis(1,4,7-triazacyclonon-1-yl)-2-hydroxypropane (Zn(2)(1)(H(2)O)) has been studied at pH 7-10 and 25 degrees C. The kinetic data are consistent with the accumulation of a complex between(More)
We report a second catalytic activity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa arylsulfatase (PAS). Besides hydrolyzing sulfate monoesters, this enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphate monoesters with multiple turnovers (>90), a k(cat) value of 0.023 s(-1), a K(M) value of 29 microM, and a kcat/K(M) ratio of 790 M(-1) s(-1) at pH 8.0. This corresponds to a remarkably(More)
The product distributions for the reactions of (R)-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (GAP) in D(2)O at pD 7.5-7.9 catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from chicken and rabbit muscle were determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy. Three products were observed from the reactions catalyzed by TIM: dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) from isomerization with(More)
The product distributions for the reactions of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) in D(2)O at pD 7.9 catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) from chicken and rabbit muscle were determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy using glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase to trap the first-formed products of the thermodynamically unfavorable isomerization reaction,(More)
The catalytic base at the active site of triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) was labelled with -H by abstraction of a proton from substrate d-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to form an enzyme-bound enediol(ate) in D2O solvent. The partitioning of this labelled enzyme between intramolecular transfer of -H to form dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP), and irreversible(More)
Second-order rate constants have been determined for deuteroxide ion-catalyzed exchange of the C(3)-proton for deuterium, k(DO) (M(-1) s(-1)), of a series of 20 triazolium salts in aqueous solution at 25 °C and ionic strength I = 1.0 (KCl). Evidence is presented that the rate constant for the reverse protonation of the triazol-3-ylidenes by solvent water is(More)