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The dose-dependent inhibitory effect of sodium phytate (myo-inositol-hexaphosphate) on absorption of zinc and retention of calcium was studied in man. No systematic study of this dose-response effect has been reported to this time. Forty subjects were served meals containing white wheat rolls without/with additions of phytate. Ten subjects were given test(More)
The mineral content of legumes is generally high, but the bioavailability is poor due to the presence of phytate, which is a main inhibitor of Fe and Zn absorption. Some legumes also contain considerable amounts of Fe-binding polyphenols inhibiting Fe absorption. Furthermore, soya protein per se has an inhibiting effect on Fe absorption. Efficient removal(More)
Iron and zinc deficiencies are global problems, frequently leading to severe illness in vulnerable human populations. Addition of phytases can improve the bioavailability of iron and zinc in food. Saccharomyces cerevisiae would be an ideal candidate as a bioavailability improving food additive if it demonstrates significant phytase activity. The purpose of(More)
At present, there are conflicting data regarding whether or not beta-carotene has a positive effect on iron absorption. This study was undertaken to evaluate possible interactions involved in the uptake of beta-carotene and iron in a human intestinal cell model (Caco-2). The Caco-2 cells were incubated with test solutions containing different amounts of(More)
In vitro dialyzability methods involve a two-step digestion process simulating the gastric and intestinal phase, and dialysis through a semi-permeable membrane with a selected molecular weight cut-off. Dialyzable iron/zinc is used as an estimation of available mineral. Final pH adjustment and use of a strict time schedule were found to be critical factors(More)
BACKGROUND Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) enhances iron uptake in human intestinal cells. It is commonly believed that the enhancement is due to the capacity of ascorbic acid to reduce ferric iron to ferrous iron. Other suggestions have recently been made about the effects of ascorbic acid on the cellular metabolism of iron. These effects must be investigated(More)
An in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model was applied to explore the impact of lactic acid (LA) fermentation by Lactobacillus pentosus FSC1 and Leuconostoc mesenteroides FSC2 on the Fe bioavailability of carrot juice. The redox state of Fe in fermented carrot juice was also assessed as a crucial factor for absorption. LA fermentation was shown to improve(More)
AIM Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) are immunomodulatory, but their role in allergy development is controversial. We investigated whether proportions of LCPUFAs in serum phospholipids were related to allergic diagnosis, seafood intake and LCPUFA proportions in cord blood. METHODS Serum was obtained from 148 birth cohort children at 13(More)
Previous studies have shown that organic acids have an impact on both Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake in Caco-2 cell. However, to what extent this effect is correlated with the anion of organic acids per se, or with the resulting decrease in pH, has not yet been clarified. Therefore, we studied the effect of five organic acids (tartaric, succinic, citric, oxalic,(More)
A sensitive and simple method for the simultaneous determination of nutritionally important minerals in food samples is in great demand. Ion chromatography coupled with UV-vis detection is shown to be an appropriate technique for this objective. The method is based on the formation of mineral complexes by pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylic acid in the mobile phase.(More)