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BACKGROUND Even though real-time PCR has been broadly applied in biomedical sciences, data processing procedures for the analysis of quantitative real-time PCR are still lacking; specifically in the realm of appropriate statistical treatment. Confidence interval and statistical significance considerations are not explicit in many of the current data(More)
Juvenile dermatomyositis, the most common inflammatory myopathy of childhood, is a rare systemic autoimmune vasculopathy that is characterised by weakness in proximal muscles and pathognomonic skin rashes. The length of time before the initiation of treatment affects presenting symptoms, laboratory measures, and pathophysiology. It also affects disease(More)
Juvenile dermatomyositis is a disease with similarities to chronic graft-versus-host disease. To identify whether chimerism is present in juvenile dermatomyositis, we investigated the families of 15 children with the disorder. Chimerism was identified by PCR in 13 of the 15 affected children, compared with five of 35 siblings (p<0.0001). Maternal cells(More)
Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a multisystem autoimmune disease that at times resembles chronic graft-vs-host disease. This led us to suggest that nonself cells may play a role in the disease process. In this study we examined the relationship between HLA genotype and the presence of maternally derived chimeric cells in JDM patients and healthy controls,(More)
Gene expression profiling and protein studies of the type I interferon pathway have revealed important insights into the disease process in adult and juvenile dermatomyositis. The most prominent and consistent feature has been a characteristic whole blood gene signature indicating upregulation of the type I interferon pathway. Upregulation of the type I(More)
Purpose Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory arthritis with a peak onset age of ~50. Children with rheumatoid factor and/or anti-citrullinated peptide antibody positive juvenile idiopathic arthritis resemble adults with RA, and represent the childhood onset of RA (CORA). Variants of the genes encoding human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and several other(More)
Morphea and systemic sclerosis are fibrosing disorders of the skin that share common inflammatory and immunologic pathways that are responsible for the vascular changes, increased collagen production, and extracellular matrix proliferation seen in both conditions. Recent advances in molecular biology techniques have furthered our knowledge of the potential(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bedside nursing report implementation on a pediatric neuroscience unit. BACKGROUND The change-of-shift nursing report often involves only nurse-to-nurse communication, occurs far away from the patient's bedside, and includes little or no patient/family involvement. Studies show that(More)
IMPORTANCE Mutations in the CERC1 gene associated with deficiency in the ADA2 protein (DADA2) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa (cPAN) and early-onset vasculopathy. DADA2 is not only limited to cPAN and vasculopathy but also includes immunodeficiency that affects several cellular compartments, including B cells;(More)
(Record the month and day in " M " and " D " , followed by the interviewer's initials) Before the interview begins, have the respondent sign the consent to conduct the interview. Leave a copy of the consent with them. This interview guide is arranged so that the questions can be asked in the sequence provided. However, in the course of the interview, the(More)