Ann P. Turnbull

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Positive behavior support (PBS) is an applied science that uses educational and systems change methods (environmental redesign) to enhance quality of life and minimize problem behavior. PBS initially evolved within the field of developmental disabilities and emerged from three major sources: applied behavior analysis, the normalization/inclusion movement,(More)
In this qualitative inquiry we investigated the conceptualization of family quality of life. Focus groups and individual interviews were conducted with 187 individuals: family members (e.g., parents, siblings) of children with a disability, individuals with a disability, family of children without a disability, service providers, and administrators. Data(More)
Positive behavior support (PBS) and functional behavioral assessment (FBA) are two significant concepts of the 1997 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. These two concepts are not new, but they are important for improving the quality of efforts to educate children and youth with disabilities. The purposes of this article are to(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing emphasis on family-centred approaches to services and supports for families of children with disabilities has surfaced the issue of accountability for family outcomes. We present a review of literature about the impacts of children with disabilities on families as a backdrop to proposing family quality of life as a concept that(More)
BACKGROUND The concept of family quality of life (QoL) has emerged as an important outcome of service delivery for individuals with disabilities and their families. The present study describes the process of developing a tool to measure family QoL. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1197 respondents participated in a national field test. Through factor(More)
Families who have a member with a disability have long been objects of pity. Society as a whole tends to view the presence of a child with a disability as an unutterable tragedy from which the family may never recover. Researchers and service providers in the field of developmental disabilities have mirrored this societal perception, and tend to view the(More)
Volume 5, Number 2, Spring 2003, pages 80–91 Abstract: Researchers and educators have recognized that typical school-wide approaches to discipline and the prevention and management of problem behavior are often insufficient to address the needs of many students in inner-city schools with high base rates of problem behavior. This article outlines critical(More)
Focus group interviews were conducted to obtain participants' preliminary reactions to the responsiveness of group action planning, a person-centered planning approach, as a support strategy for Hispanic families of individuals with disabilities. Focus group participants were 38 Hispanic parents of youth/young adults with developmental disabilities and 22(More)
The school-wide application of positive behavior support (PBS) is a preventionoriented approach to student discipline that is characterized by its focus on defining and teaching behavioral expectations, rewarding appropriate behaviors, continual evaluation of its effectiveness, and the integration of supports for individuals, groups, the school as a whole,(More)
BACKGROUND Family quality of life (FQOL), as a family outcome measure of early intervention and other services, has increasingly drawn attention of researchers, policymakers and service providers. Developing an index of family QOL requires a measure suitable for use with multiple family members. The purpose of this study was to test whether mothers and(More)