Ann Mary Achyuthan

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Phenylpropanoid metabolism yields a mixture of monolignols that undergo chaotic, non-enzymatic reactions such as free radical polymerization and spontaneous self-assembly in order to form the polyphenolic lignin which is a barrier to cost-effective lignocellulosic biofuels. Post-synthesis lignin integration into the plant cell wall is unclear, including how(More)
Type A Pasteurella multocida, a prevalent animal pathogen, employs a hyaluronan [HA] polysaccharide capsule to avoid host defenses. We utilized transposon insertional mutagenesis to identify the P. multocida HA synthase, the enzyme that polymerizes HA. A DNA fragment from a wild-type genomic library could direct HA production in vivo in Escherichia coli, a(More)
The affinities of Factor XIII (FXIII), Factor XIIIa (FXIIla), and cellular transglutaminase (Tg) for fibrinogen (Fgn), fibrin (Fbn), and fibronectin (Fn) were compared using a solid-phase binding assay. Initial rates of binding were as follows: FXIII bound Fbn 3-fold more than Fgn. FXIII did not bind Fn till 20 min. Increasing the ligands concentrations and(More)
We demonstrate in this report that the Xenopus DG42 gene product made in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can synthesize authentic high molecular weight hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid; HA) in vitro. Saccharomyces are eukaryotes that do not naturally produce HA or any other molecules known to contain glucuronic acid. Therefore bakers' yeast is a good model(More)
This review summarizes the current research on human exo-alpha-sialidase (sialidase, neuraminidase). Where appropriate, the properties of viral, bacterial, and human sialidases have been compared. Sialic acids are implicated in diverse physiological processes. Sialidases, as enzymes acting upon sialic acids, assume importance as well. Sialidases hydrolyze(More)
We have characterized the hyaluronan (HA) synthase activity of the Xenopus DG42 gene product in vitro. The recombinant enzyme produced in yeast does not possess a nascent HA chain and, therefore, is an ideal model system for kinetic studies of the synthase's glycosyltransferase activity. The enzymatic rate was optimal from pH 7.6 to 8.1. Only the authentic(More)
Cancer-associated retinopathy (CAR) is a blinding disease, which can be mediated by autoimmune reactions with a specific calcium-binding retinal protein, recoverin. A number of recent studies demonstrate that agents that mobilize intracellular calcium can protect neurons from apoptotic death induced by a variety of insults. In this study, we investigated(More)
Plasmonic fluorescent nanocomposites are difficult to prepare due to strong quenching effects on fluorophores in the vicinity of noble metal nanoparticles such as gold (AuNPs). We successfully prepared plasmonic fluorescent nanocomposites of two cyanines (1 and 2) aggregating upon 2 - 40 nm AuNPs or streptavidin-conjugated 10 nm AuNPs. We used high(More)
Human argininosuccinic acid lyase (ASAL) has been expressed, purified and crystallized in several distinct crystal morphologies. At present only one form is suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis. These crystals grow as hexagonal prisms, with unit cell dimensions a = b = 104.6 A, c = 185.3 A and alpha = beta = 90 degrees, gamma = 120 degrees. The crystals(More)
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