Ann-Marie T Richard

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Skeletal muscle insulin resistance may be aggravated by intramyocellular accumulation of fatty acid-derived metabolites that inhibit insulin signaling. We tested the hypothesis that enhanced fatty acid oxidation in myocytes should protect against fatty acid-induced insulin resistance by limiting lipid accumulation. L6 myotubes were transduced with(More)
Phosphofructokinase is a key enzyme of glycolysis that exists as homo- and heterotetramers of three subunit isoforms: muscle, liver, and C type. Mice with a disrupting tag inserted near the distal promoter of the phosphofructokinase-M gene showed tissue-dependent differences in loss of that isoform: 99% in brain and 95-98% in islets, but only 50-75% in(More)
GPR39 is a G protein-coupled receptor expressed in liver, gastrointestinal tract, adipose tissue, and pancreas. We have recently shown that young GPR39(-/-) mice have normal body weight, food intake, and fasting glucose and insulin levels. In this study, we examined the role of GPR39 in aging and diet-induced obese mice. Body weight and food intake were(More)
Synthesis of triacylglycerol requires the glucose-derived glycerol component, and glucose uptake has been viewed as the rate-limiting step in glucose metabolism in adipocytes. Furthermore, adipose tissue contains all three isoforms of the glycolytic enzyme phosphofructokinase (PFK). We here report that mice deficient in the muscle isoform PFK-M have greatly(More)
Type 2 diabetes and obesity are characterized by elevated nocturnal circulating free fatty acids, elevated basal insulin secretion, and blunted glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). The CB1 receptor antagonist, Rimonabant, has been shown to improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in vivo but its direct effect on islets has been unclear.(More)
Glucose-induced insulin secretion from isolated, perifused rat islets is pulsatile with a period of about 5-10 min, similar to the insulin oscillations that are seen in healthy humans but which are impaired in Type II diabetes. We evaluated the pattern of enhancement by the potent incretin, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). GLP-1 increased the amplitude of(More)
L-type voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (Cav1.2) mediate a major part of insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. Cav1.2, like other voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, is functionally and physically coupled to synaptic proteins. The tight temporal coupling between channel activation and secretion leads to the prediction that rearrangements within the channel can(More)
Free fatty acids (FFAs) and glycerol oscillate in plasma. This study examined intrinsic lipolytic oscillations within adipocytes. Rat adipocytes were perifused with Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer: 1) +/- 2 mmol/l glucose; 2) +1 micromol/l isoproterenol +/- 2 mmol/l glucose; 3) + increasing oleate; and 4) + increasing percent BSA. At 2 mmol/l glucose, there(More)
Coiled-coil domain containing 80 (Ccdc80) is a secreted protein highly enriched in mouse and human white adipose tissue (WAT) that plays an important role during adipocyte differentiation in vitro. To investigate the physiological function of Ccdc80 in energy and glucose homeostasis, we generated mice in which the gene encoding Ccdc80 was disrupted. Mice(More)
OBJECTIVE We showed glucose-dependent lipolytic oscillations in adipocytes that are modulated by free fatty acids (FFAs). We hypothesized that the oscillations are driven by oscillatory glucose metabolism that leads to oscillatory formation of alpha-glycerophosphate (alpha-GP), oscillatory removal of long-chain coenzyme A (LC-CoA) by alpha-GP to form(More)
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