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Although several studies have documented intra- and extracellular glutathione (GSH) deficiency in asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the mechanisms responsible for the altered GSH homeostasis remain unknown. To determine whether decreased synthesis contributes to this alteration of GSH homeostasis, a primed-constant infusion of(More)
The incidence of cryptosporidiosis in our unit has increased over the last 6 years, being diagnosed in approximately 5 per cent of all patients with HIV infection and in 21 per cent of those with AIDS, but a marked seasonal variation occurs. We have studied the course of the infection in 128 patients and identified four clinical patterns of disease:(More)
The aim of this study was to audit all malignant melanomas confirmed histologically in the Scarborough Health District over six years, prompted by the continuing rise in incidence rate nationally and relatively high number of malignant melanomas excised by general practitioners (GPs) in this area. A total of 157 malignant melanomas were diagnosed (60% from(More)
The clinical and radiological features of 12 knees (10 patients) with congenital absence of the anterior cruciate ligament are presented. The high frequency of this condition in association with other more easily recognised congenital abnormalities of the knee is discussed. It is concluded that congenital absence of the anterior cruciate ligament is more(More)
Although several studies have shown that asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection elicits an increase in whole body protein turnover, it is not known whether this increased protein turnover includes changes in the kinetics of acute-phase proteins (APPs). To answer this question, we measured 1) the plasma concentrations of four positive(More)
BACKGROUND Patients prefer fewer pills and once-daily (qd) dosing without food restrictions. We assessed the impact on adherence [by Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS) cap monitoring] of switching from abacavir (ABC) and lamivudine (3TC) twice daily (bid) to ABC/3TC fixed-dose formulation (FDC, Kivexa) qd to achieve a qd regimen. METHODS A(More)
Duplications of distal 8p with and without significant clinical phenotypes have been reported and are often associated with an unusual degree of structural complexity. Here, we present a duplication of 8p23.1-8p23.2 ascertained in a child with speech delay and a diagnosis of ICD-10 autism. The same duplication was found in his mother who had epilepsy and(More)
BACKGROUND The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has profoundly altered the life expectancy of individuals infected with HIV. Metabolic abnormalities associated with antiretrovirals and cumulative exposure to combination antiretroviral therapy, including dyslipidaemia and insulin resistance, have been linked to an increased risk of(More)
Non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) has been associated with didanosine (ddI) exposure. We aimed to determine the number of individuals with NCPH within our cohort and define their characteristics. We identified individuals within our cohort with NCPH and performed a retrospective case note review. Cumulative antiretroviral therapy (ART) use was(More)