Ann Marie Flenniken

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We report that the many Eph-related receptor tyrosine kinases, and their numerous membrane-bound ligands, can each be grouped into only two major specificity subclasses. Receptors in a given subclass bind most members of a corresponding ligand subclass. The physiological relevance of these groupings is suggested by viewing the collective distributions of(More)
Recent studies have implicated Eph-related receptor tyrosine kinases and their membrane-bound ligands in restricting or stimulating the movement of cells and axons. Members of these large families of receptors and ligands fall into two major binding specificity classes, in which the GPI-anchored subgroup of ligands can each bind to all members of a subgroup(More)
The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases has 13 distinct members and seven ligands for these receptors have been described to date. These receptors and their ligands have been implicated in regulating neuronal axon guidance and in patterning of the developing nervous system and may also serve a patterning and compartmentalization role outside of the(More)
Segmentation of the vertebrate hindbrain leads to the formation of a series of rhombomeres (r) with distinct identities. Recent studies have uncovered regulatory links between transcription factors governing this process, but little is known of how these relate to molecules mediating cell-cell signalling. The Eph receptor tyrosine kinase gene EphA4 (Sek-1)(More)
The ATF2 transcription factor is phosphorylated by the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) JNK and p38. We show that this phosphorylation is essential for ATF2 function in vivo, since a mouse carrying mutations in the critical phosphorylation sites has a strong phenotype identical to that seen upon deletion of the DNA-binding domain.(More)
Neural crest cells migrate along specific pathways to their destinations and, like neuronal growth cones, must be guided by extracellular cues. One example of neural crest pathfinding is the segmental migration of branchial and trunk neural crest; this is associated with the patterning of the skeletal components of the branchial arches and of the peripheral(More)
Missense mutations in the Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 2 (FGFR2) have been identified in human craniosynostotic syndromes such as Crouzon (CS) and Pfeiffer (PS). FGFR2 has two major isoforms, IIIb and IIIc, generated through alternative splicing with their own temporal, spatial, and ligand-binding specificities. In this study, we report the(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP) is one of a family of metalloproteinase inhibitors and a major interstitial inhibitor of collagenase. Transcription of the TIMP gene is induced by such diverse agents as viruses, phorbol esters, serum, and growth factors. We have previously assigned the regulatory elements responsible for induction of(More)
Since genetically modified mice have become more common in biomedical research as models of human disease, a need has also grown for efficient and quantitative methods to assess mouse phenotype. One powerful means of phenotyping is characterization of anatomy in mutant vs. normal populations. Anatomical phenotyping requires visualization of structures in(More)