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Our aim was to determine the predictive value of some psychometric instruments for the development and persistence of musculoskeletal pain. In 452 subjects, pain in the shoulder, neck, and low back during the preceding year was assessed at baseline, one year, and two years' follow-up. Psychological distress, depression, self-efficacy beliefs, subjective(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patients referred to a tertiary pain clinic. The temporal relationship between the onset of pain and depression and anxiety and the association of psychiatric disorders with pain intensity were also analyzed. METHOD One hundred consecutive outpatients underwent a(More)
BACKGROUND This article describes the methods and results of the early part (experimental pain tests and postoperative analgesia) of a study that assesses genetic and other factors related to acute pain and persistent pain after treatment of breast cancer in a prospective cohort of 1,000 women. METHODS One thousand consenting patients were recruited to(More)
The results of a comprehensive 4-week treatment program including intensive physical training were evaluated in 65 chronic low back pain patients. Marked increases in measures of spinal mobility, trunk muscle strength and lifting capacity were found during the treatment, but no average increase in pain ratings. At 3-week and 12-month follow-ups a(More)
The Self-Efficacy Scale (SES) has been found to predict isokinetic performance better than anthropometric variables. This study tests the predictive power of SES further against other measures of efficacy expectancies as well as measures of depression and perceived disability. A group of 105 chronic back pain patients was administered Beck's Depression(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze how the cognitive, affective, and somatic-vegetative symptoms of depression included in the modified Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (ZSDS) relate to pain severity. SUBJECTS Three groups of subjects were compared. The "no pain" group (n = 64) reported no musculoskeletal symptoms during the preceding year, the "low pain" group (n =(More)
There is an abundance of studies concerning depression and pain, while the mechanisms and the relationships of anger expression and pain are less well known. The validity of commonly used depression questionnaires as measures of depression in pain patients has been questioned, as they include items which can be related to the pain problem as well as to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated how age, sex, height, body weight, self-efficacy beliefs, pain, and subjective disability predict the performance of low back pain patients on an isokinetic trunk muscle test. METHODS One hundred and five patients participated in the study. Dependent variables were isokinetic flexion and extension strength measured as(More)
Experience of pain is manifested by a subject's behaviour, i.e. by verbalization, movements, facial expressions etc. Experience of pain is a latent construct, and the question of whether the pain is "real" becomes secondary when the behavioural aspect is emphasised: "When the patient communicates pain, then there is a pain problem". The task of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Anxiety symptoms are common in chronic pain patients. High levels of anxiety are associated with increased pain experience and disability. Proneness to anxiety has a large interindividual variation. The aim of the study was to determine whether the anxiety-related temperament trait Harm Avoidance (HA), is associated with pain-related anxiety. (More)