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OBJECTIVE To determine whether tobacco smoking causes increased DNA modification (adducts) in human cervical epithelium. DESIGN Comparison of DNA adducts measured by the technique of postlabelling with phosphorus-32 in normal ectocervical epithelium of smokers and non-smokers. A questionnaire on smoking habit and a urinary cotinine assay were used to(More)
Inflammation is a major contributor to the neuropathological consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous studies have shown that proinflammatory complement activation fragments are present in the injured brain within the first 24 h after trauma. To investigate whether complement activation within the injured brain leads to the neuropathology and(More)
PURPOSE We determine the efficacy and user acceptability of the urethral occlusive device (FemAssist) for incontinence for 1 month and identify factors that may predict successful use of the device. MATERIALS AND METHODS Baseline and posttreatment outcome measures included a 1-hour pad test, frequency volume chart (leakage, voiding and number of pads per(More)
A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary urogynaecology unit in women with the primary symptom of urinary incontinence to assess the repeatability of the 24-hour pad test. One hundred and eight women undertook seven 24-hour pad tests over 7 consecutive days together with 7 simultaneous fluid and activity charts. The results were(More)
Because the prognostic value of 1-h pad testing has received scant attention, we tested the hypothesis that mild incontinence of any etiology is more readily cured than moderate incontinence. A consecutive series of 150 patients with mild (2-9.9 g) to moderate (10-49.9 g) incontinence (as judged by weight gain on 1-h pad testing) [1] attending a(More)
Because of recent development of a number of intravaginal and urethral occlusive devices for the treatment of urinary incontinence, we aimed to develop a linear analog scale that measured women's attitudes to becoming familiar with their genital anatomy and to placing devices into or upon the vagina or urethral orifices. We also investigated whether such(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the reproducibility of two one-hour pad tests performed within one week using serial ultrasound scanning to obtain identical bladder volumes, and to measure the effect of patient anxiety upon test reproducibility. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Tertiary urogynaecological unit. SAMPLE Fifty-six incontinent women(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether patients with detrusor instability (DI) were more likely to have bacterial cystitis or significant bacteriuria on the urodynamic-test day than were women with a stable bladder. PATIENTS AND METHODS A catheter specimen of urine was cultured (overnight in air) from 862 consecutive women at the time of urodynamic testing. The(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a universally applicable test instrument to measure the total direct costs of urinary incontinence, including personal costs and treatment costs, i.e. the Dowell-Bryant Incontinence Cost Index (DBICI), and to study the construct validity and test-retest reliability of the instrument. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective(More)
The aim of this study was to use the previously validated Dowell Bryant Incontinence Cost Index (DBICI) as a post-treatment outcome measure after non-surgical therapy and to determine whether the magnitude of reduced leakage would correlate with the magnitude of reduced personal cost. A simple urethral occlusive device (Femassist) was employed in 57 women(More)