Ann M Mehringer

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OBJECTIVE The prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in community-dwelling elderly populations is 1% to 3%. After initial treatment of the acute phase of depression, only about 25% to 30% of elderly patients remain well after 1 to 3 years of follow-up. Previous studies suggested that patients who received maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (MECT)(More)
Initial sensitivity to the pharmacological effects of a drug may affect patterns of future use and dependence for a wide variety of drugs. Retrospective reports of sensations experienced upon early experimentation, however, may be limited by recall bias based on time elapsed and subsequent experiences. To validate reports of early experiences with nicotine,(More)
Cigarette smokers are known to be overrepresented among adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). To date, however, no attempt has been made to determine the extent to which a lifetime diagnosis of ADHD may be associated with smoking even in the absence of current symptomatology. We hypothesized that nicotine dependence and abstinence(More)
PURPOSE This study examined predictors of achieving enteral autonomy among pediatric short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients remaining on parenteral nutrition (PN) beyond one year. METHODS A retrospective single-institution study of 171 pediatric SBS patients (defined as ≥50% small bowel (SB) loss or ≥60 days of PN with onset before 6 weeks of age) was(More)
Although considerable progress has been made towards understanding the role of menstrual cycle phase in smoking, little is known about the possible effects of menstrual phase upon nicotine intake, withdrawal symptomatology, and craving in women with psychiatric cofactors. Fourteen women with and without a history of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were(More)
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control defines a never-smoker as someone who has smoked < 100 cigarettes per lifetime. In an attempt to explore differences among nonsmokers and to validate this cutpoint, we surveyed 69 nonsmokers who had smoked between 1 and 200 cigarettes in their lifetime on their experiences during the time they smoked. Of the 7 who(More)
In July 1983, the Association of American Publishers (AAP) initiated the Electronic Manuscript Project, with the goal of an industry-wide standard and guidelines for electronic manuscript preparation. The project, viewed as a significant effort throughout the publishing and information communities, consists of six tasks designed to improve productivity and(More)
From a random digit dialing survey of American women, we assessed current smokers (n=371). Respondents were 33.6+/-7.6 years old, 49.6% married, and 87.6% White, with an FTND score of 3.9+/-2.6. When asked "which cigarette of the day would be the most difficult for you to give up?" 30 women gave uncodable responses and 341 women provided answers(More)
A brief self-rating scale, the Assessment of Hyperactivity and Attention (AHA), was developed and validated using a "gold standard" DSM-based semi-structured interview. The sample consisted of 101 smokers (74% male, 73% Caucasian)-38.6% with no DSM-IV ADHD diagnosis, 10.9% with a childhood diagnosis only, and 50.5% with an adult diagnosis (requiring(More)
To investigate the issue of smoking initiation during college, we administered a survey of women's health behavior to college women during freshman orientation, at the end of their freshman year and again during their senior year. Never smokers (NS; n=374), early-onset smokers (EOS; n=52), and late-onset smokers (LOS; n=64) were compared on dieting(More)