Ann M. McCormack

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It has previously been shown that IFN-gamma-induced up-regulation of HLA class II on the surface of epithelial cells is not sufficient to induce proliferation of allospecific CD4+ T cells in vitro. To further investigate this phenomenon, a human epithelial bladder carcinoma, T24, was induced to constitutively express HLA class II without IFN-gamma(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the suitability of using endothelial cell (EC) lines for studies of endothelial/immune interactions. The immortal human EC lines HMEC-1, ECV304 and EaHy926 were compared to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) for constitutive and induced expression of surface antigens known to be involved in interactions(More)
Little is known about the effect of MICA antibodies (Abs) on cardiac allograft function and survival. Pretransplant and posttransplant serum from 491 and 196 adult cardiac allograft recipients, respectively, has been investigated for MICA Abs, donor specificity and the effect of MICA Abs on graft survival, acute rejection episodes (AR) and cardiac allograft(More)
Autoimmune responses to vimentin occur after solid organ transplantation, but their pathogenic effects are unclear. The aim of these studies was to investigate the effects of vimentin preimmunization on allogeneic and isografted hearts in a murine transplant model. Immunization of C57BL/6 mice with murine vimentin in complete Freund's adjuvant resulted in(More)
There is evidence for an inverse association between cellular expression of Hsp27 and vascular disease with carotid plaques, endarterectomy specimens, and cardiac biopsies investigated to date. Here we compare non-diseased coronary arteries from human heart transplant donors and patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with no evidence of coronary artery(More)
Chronic rejection is the major cause of long-term heart allograft failure, characterized by tissue infiltration by recipient T cells with indirect allospecificity. Phosphoinositol-3-kinase p110δ is a key mediator of T cell receptor signaling, regulating both T cell activation and migration of primed T cells to non-lymphoid antigen-rich tissue. We(More)
Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare but aggressive malignancy that leads to heart failure and death without treatment. Here we reviewed the presentation and management of patients treated at a national centre for pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and its associated hospital in Cambridge, UK. Details of PAS patients treated at Papworth and Addenbrooke’s(More)
Valve interstitial cells (VICs) are fibroblastic in nature however in culture it is widely accepted that they differentiate into a myofibroblastic phenotype. This study assessed a fibroblast culture media formulation for its ability to maintain the phenotype and function of VICs as in the intact healthy valve. Normal human VICs were cultured separately in(More)
BACKGROUND The expression of the "protective" genes A20, heme oxygenase (HO)-1, and Bcl-xl in rodent allografts and xenografts correlates with long-term survival of transplanted hearts. We investigated the expression of HO-1, Bcl-2, and A20 in sequential biopsies from nine cardiac transplant recipients by using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase(More)
OBJECTIVE Intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 is an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule expressed by several cell types, including proliferating vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Cross-linking ICAM-1 on the surface of different cell types has previously been shown to cause an increase in cellular activation within the cytoplasm. Here, our(More)