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We have evaluated the efficacy of plant sterol preparations from two different sources and in two different physical forms in lowering the plasma cholesterol of a total of 46 patients with type II hyperlipoproteinemia when given in addition to appropriate diet therapy. In addition, the mechanisms of the hypocholesterolemic effect were investigated in 7(More)
A previous study of low density lipoprotein metabolism by cultured cells focused on the metabolism of normal lipoproteins in vitro by fibroblasts isolated from diabetic patients. No abnormalities were found. We have followed the opposite approach. Using normal human fibroblasts as test cells we compared the metabolism in vitro of low density lipoproteins(More)
The feasibility of localizing human atherosclerotic plaques by gamma scintillation camera external imaging with technetium-99m-labeled low density lipoproteins (99mTc-LDL) was tested in 17 patients who had atherosclerosis. Imaging demonstrated focal accumulation of radiolabel consistent with 99mTc-LDL sequestration by plaques in the carotid, iliac, or(More)
The functions of surface-accessible domains of apolipoprotein (apo) B, the protein moiety of low density lipoprotein (LDL), are unknown, aside from the LDL receptor-binding domain, which lies toward the carboxyl-terminal end of apoB. Since LDL accumulation in arterial lesions does not depend on recognition of LDLs by a cell-surface receptor, we synthesized(More)
The oligopeptide fragment of apolipoprotein B, SP-4, has demonstrated pronounced uptake in the healing edges of balloon-injured rabbit aortic endothelium. To assess 123I-labeled SP-4 for identification of atherosclerotic plaques by gamma camera imaging, 14 Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) and 5 normal rabbits were imaged 5 minutes and 12 and 24(More)
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) can cause early disability and death from premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Patients homozygous for the disease have very high plasma cholesterol, extensive xanthomatosis, and die from atherosclerosis in childhood or early adulthood. Past attempts to improve the prognosis included removal of cholesterol(More)
Autologous plasma low-density lipoproteins labeled with I-125 were used as a tracer to identify atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid arteries of the neck. Following intravenous injection of I-125-LDL, images were made at intervals from 6 to 36 hr with the gamma camera in three patients with known carotid disease and one control subject. The carotid(More)