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We have evaluated the efficacy of plant sterol preparations from two different sources and in two different physical forms in lowering the plasma cholesterol of a total of 46 patients with type II hyperlipoproteinemia when given in addition to appropriate diet therapy. In addition, the mechanisms of the hypocholesterolemic effect were investigated in 7(More)
The feasibility of localizing human atherosclerotic plaques by gamma scintillation camera external imaging with technetium-99m-labeled low density lipoproteins (99mTc-LDL) was tested in 17 patients who had atherosclerosis. Imaging demonstrated focal accumulation of radiolabel consistent with 99mTc-LDL sequestration by plaques in the carotid, iliac, or(More)
The oligopeptide fragment of apolipoprotein B, SP-4, has demonstrated pronounced uptake in the healing edges of balloon-injured rabbit aortic endothelium. To assess 123I-labeled SP-4 for identification of atherosclerotic plaques by gamma camera imaging, 14 Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) and 5 normal rabbits were imaged 5 minutes and 12 and 24(More)
The focal uptake by human atherosclerotic lesions of 125I bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL) can be demonstrated by external imaging. However, 125I has poor imaging characteristics. Therefore, we have developed a technique for labeling LDL with technetium. To facilitate analysis, LDL was first labeled with 99mTc, by reduction of TcO4- with dithionite(More)
Autologous plasma low-density lipoproteins labeled with I-125 were used as a tracer to identify atherosclerotic lesions in the carotid arteries of the neck. Following intravenous injection of I-125-LDL, images were made at intervals from 6 to 36 hr with the gamma camera in three patients with known carotid disease and one control subject. The carotid(More)
In the past year, new data have appeared on the long-term benefits of low-density lipoprotein apheresis in severely hypercholesterolemic patients who are refractory to lipid-lowering drug therapy. Such data are critical for clinical decision-making, because they confirm the hypothesis that the dramatic reduction in low-density lipoprotein made possible by(More)
To determine whether damaged arterial wall selectively accumulates lipoproteins, normocholesterolemic rabbits were injected with human radiolabeled low density lipoproteins, high density lipoproteins, and/or albumin 24 hr to 12 weeks after balloon-catheter de-endothelialization of the abdominal aorta. When 125I-labeled low density lipoproteins and(More)