Ann M. Bell

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—Everyone wants to go to a bar called El Farol if it is not crowded but would rather stay home if it is. Unfortunately, the only way to know whether or not the bar is crowded is to go. While such a scenario appears far removed from the typical communications literature, it provides a simple paradigm for analyzing public goods like the Internet, which may(More)
—Coordination failure, or agents' uncertainty about the action of other agents, may be an important source of congestion in large decentralized systems. The El Farol problem provides a simple paradigm for congestion and coordination problems that may arise with over utilization of the Internet. This paper reviews the El Farol problem and surveys previous(More)
Coordination failure, or agents' uncertainty about the action of other agents, may be an important source of congestion in large decentralized systems. The El Far01 or Santa Fe bar problem provides a simple paradigm for congestion and coordination problems that may arise with over utilization of the Internet. This paper recasts the problem in a stochastic(More)
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