Ann Lindstrand

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BACKGROUND Acute respiratory illness (ARI) accounts for a large proportion of all visits to pediatric health facilities. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analyses allow sensitive detection of viral nucleic acids, but it is not clear to what extent specific viruses contribute to disease because many viruses have been detected in(More)
BACKGROUND Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of death in children worldwide and a substantial proportion of childhood CAP is caused by viruses. A better understanding of the role of virus infections in this condition is needed to improve clinical management and preventive measures. The aim of the study was therefore to assess the(More)
We compared use of community medicine distributors (CMDs) and drug use under integrated community case management and home-based management strategies in children 6-59 months of age in eastern Uganda. A cross-sectional study with 1,095 children was nested in a cluster randomized trial with integrated community case management (CMDs treating malaria and(More)
Measles outbreaks occur regularly throughout Europe, up to 31500 cases in the previous year, particularly where there are pockets of populations with lower vaccination coverage than the recommended ≥ 95%. Anthroposophic communities in Europe are one of several groups with relatively low vaccination coverage. In Sweden, outbreaks of measles and rubella were(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of pneumonia and sinusitis. Pneumonia kills >1 million children annually, and sinusitis is a potentially serious pediatric disease that increases the risk of orbital and intracranial complications. Although pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is effective against invasive pneumococcal(More)
The effects of pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) need to be investigated. In Stockholm County, Sweden, PCV7 was introduced in the childhood immunisation programme in 2007 and changed to PCV13 in 2010.Over 90% of all invasive isolates during 2005-2014 (n=2336) and carriage isolates, 260 before and 647 after vaccine introduction, were characterised by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the carriage prevalence, serotype distribution, and antibiotic resistance for pneumococcal carriage isolates collected 4-8years after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in Stockholm, Sweden, and to identify risk factors for carriage and calculate the invasive disease potential for emerging serotypes. METHODS(More)
The 23rd World Scout Jamboree was held in Japan from 28 July to 8 August 2015 and was attended by over 33,000 scouts from 162 countries. An outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease capsular group W was investigated among participants, with four confirmed cases identified in Scotland, who were all associated with one particular scout unit, and two(More)
In a study of injuries sustained in junior league handball, all injuries during 685 hours of play sustained by 7 320 players have been registered in a cup tournament. Junior handball appears generally to have a very low injury risk, but with a clearly indicated tendency towards more injuries in the higher age group and fewer injuries in the lower age group(More)