Ann Levine

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To determine the role of surfactant protein-A (SP-A) in host defense, the murine SP-A locus was targeted by homologous recombination to produce mice lacking SP-A. SP-A-/- and wild-type mice were infected with mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa by intratracheal instillation. Pulmonary bacterial loads were greater in SP-A-/- than in wild-type mice, with increased(More)
Surfactant protein-A (SP-A) gene-targeted mice clear group B streptococcus (GBS) from the lungs at a slower rate than wild-type mice. To determine mechanisms by which SP-A enhances pulmonary clearance of GBS, the role of SP-A in binding and phagocytosis of GBS was assessed in SP-A (-/-) mice infected with GBS in the presence and absence of exogenous SP-A.(More)
Surfactant protein (SP)-D gene targeted (SP-D-/-) and wild-type mice were infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) by intratracheal instillation. Decreased clearance of RSV was observed in SP-D-/- mice. Deficiency of SP-D was associated with increased inflammation and inflammatory cell recruitment in the lung after infection. In vitro, SP-D bound(More)
To determine the effects of interleukin-4 (IL-4) on bacterial clearance from the mouse lung, transgenic mice expressing IL-4 in respiratory epithelial cells under the control of the Clara cell secretory protein promoter (CCSP-IL-4 mice) were infected intratracheally with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Survival of CCSP-IL-4 mice following bacterial administration(More)
Interleukin (IL-) 36 cytokines (previously designated as novel IL-1 family member cytokines; IL-1F5- IL-1F10) constitute a novel cluster of cytokines structurally and functionally similar to members of the IL-1 cytokine cluster. The effects of IL-36 cytokines in inflammatory lung disorders remains poorly understood. The current study sought to investigate(More)
PURPOSE Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a nosocomial infection resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) are pathogens associated with VAP. Silver (Ag) coating of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) reduces bacterial colonization, however titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) coating(More)
Surfactant protein D (SP-D) and CD14 are important innate immune defense molecules that mediate clearance of pathogens and apoptotic cells from the lung. To test whether CD14 expression and function were influenced by SP-D, the surface expression of CD14 was assessed on alveolar macrophages from SP-D-/- mice. CD14 was reduced on alveolar macrophages from(More)
Surfactant protein A (SP-A), a pulmonary collectin, plays a role in lung innate immune host defense. In this study the role of SP-A in regulating the inflammatory response to the flagella of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) was examined. Intra-tracheal infection of SP-A deficient (SP-A-/-) C57BL/6 mice with wild type flagellated PA (PAK) resulted in an increase(More)
Alveolar surfactant modulates the antimicrobial function of bronchoalveolar macrophages (BAM). Little is known about the effect of surfactant-associated proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) on the interaction of BAM and Blastomyces dermatitidis. We investigated BALF enhancement or inhibition of TNF-alpha production by BAM stimulated by B.(More)