Ann L Armstrong

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The clinical and pathologic evolution of cardiac Lyme disease was evaluated in four-week-old susceptible C3H/He (C3H) and resistant C57Bl/6 (B6) mice on days 3, 6, 10, 15, 30, 60, and 90 after intradermal inoculation with Borrelia burgdorferi strain N40. Culture, DNA polymerase chain reaction, in situ nucleic acid hybridization, immunoperoxidase(More)
Borrelia burgdorferi dissemination to selected target organs was examined on days 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 15, 21, and 30 after intradermal inoculation of 4-week-old C3H mice. Infection was determined by culture (blood, spleen, kidney, ear punch); polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for outer surface protein A (OSP A) DNA (ear punch); histology and spirochete(More)
In vitro, cartilage proteoglycans (PGs) are effective inhibitors of hydroxyapatite formation and growth. Their inhibitory ability decreases with decreasing PG size and charge density. It has been suggested that the enzyme-mediated alteration in the size and conformation of PGs in the growth plate may similarly facilitate the calcification process. In this(More)
For long bone growth to occur, calcification of the matrix must commence in the lower hypertrophic zone of the growth plate. It is generally accepted that physeal proteoglycans help regulate mineralization, and that at least in vitro, intact proteoglycans can inhibit mineralization. Thus degradation of proteoglycan may be a necessary step prior to(More)
It is proposed that the cartilage contains enzymes which are responsible for the degradation of the principle components of the matrix, the proteoglycan and collagen. Measurement of acid, lysosomal bound proteases, or neutral proteases shows increases in proportion to the severity of the disease. Collagenase activity also increases in human osteoarthritic(More)
We compared the effectiveness of antibiotics alone and in combination with arthroscopy, arthroscopy with debridement, arthrotomy, or needle aspiration for the treatment of septic arthritis. Each modality has its proponents, but, to our knowledge, no comparative studies have been conducted in animals. We used biochemical and histological analysis to compare(More)
The hypothesis is widely held that proteolytic degradation of proteoglycans in the lower hypertrophic zone of the growth plate may be involved in the initiation of mineralization in the zone of provisional calcification. However, a neutral protease that is responsible for the degradation of proteoglycans in the growth plate has not been identified,(More)
The degradation of proteoglycans has been considered an essential step in the process of endochondral ossification. Neutral proteases, described in the growth plate, have been implicated in this process. If these neutral proteases are important in the endochondral process, their level of activity should be highest at the point where calcification is(More)
This report describes the properties of a neutral protease that was synthesized and secreted into medium by intact cartilaginous growth plate in tissue culture. Bovine cartilaginous growth plate was grown for seven days in tissue culture, during which time the chondrocytes remained viable and metabolically active as determined by quantitation of trypan-blue(More)