Ann Huletsky

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Molecular methods for the rapid identification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are generally based on the detection of an S. aureus-specific gene target and the mecA gene. However, such methods cannot be applied for the direct detection of MRSA from nonsterile specimens such as nasal samples without the previous isolation, capture, or(More)
A 761-bp portion of the tuf gene (encoding the elongation factor Tu) from 28 clinically relevant streptococcal species was obtained by sequencing amplicons generated using broad-range PCR primers. These tuf sequences were used to select Streptococcus-specific PCR primers and to perform phylogenetic analysis. The specificity of the PCR assay was verified(More)
The elongation factor Tu, encoded by tuf genes, is a GTP binding protein that plays a central role in protein synthesis. One to three tuf genes per genome are present, depending on the bacterial species. Most low-G+C-content gram-positive bacteria carry only one tuf gene. We have designed degenerate PCR primers derived from consensus sequences of the tuf(More)
A growing number of extended spectrum SHV-type beta-lactamases capable of hydrolyzing third-generation cephalosporins such as cefotaxime and ceftazidime have been reported. These new enzymes differ by a few amino acids from SHV-1, an enzyme incapable of hydrolyzing these drugs. Two of these substitutions, Gly-238-->Ser and Glu-240-->Lys, are in a key(More)
It has been shown in enterobacteria that mutations in ampD provoke hyperproduction of chromosomal beta-lactamase, which confers to these organisms high levels of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. In this study, we investigated whether this genetic locus was implicated in the altered AmpC beta-lactamase expression of selected clinical isolates and(More)
It has been demonstrated recently by Poirier et al. (Poirier, G. G., de Murcia, G., Jongstra-Bilen, J., Niedergang, C., and Mandel, P. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79, 3423-3427) that poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of pancreatic nucleosomes causes relaxation of the chromatin superstructure through H1 modification. The in vitro effect of poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has spread worldwide and is responsible for significant morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Control strategies to limit the emergence and spread of this organism rely on rapid and sensitive tests for detection of MRSA carriage. However, the standard surveillance culture method for(More)
A series of vancomycin-modified nanoparticles were developed and employed in magnetic confinement assays to isolate a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria from aqueous solution. We determined that the orientation/architecture of vancomycin on the surface of the nanoparticles and the overall surface coverage is critical in mediating fast and(More)
In enterobacteria, the ampG gene encodes a transmembrane protein (permease) that transports 1,6-GlcNAc-anhydro-MurNAc and the 1,6-GlcNAc-anhydro-MurNAc peptide from the periplasm to the cytoplasm, which serve as signal molecules for the induction of ampC β-lactamase. The role of AmpG as a transporter is also essential for cell wall recycling. Pseudomonas(More)
The hybridization behavior of small oligonucleotides arrayed on glass slides is currently unpredictable. In order to examine the hybridization efficiency of capture probes along target nucleic acid, 20-mer oligonucleotide probes were designed to hybridize at different distances from the 5' end of two overlapping 402- and 432-bp ermB products amplified from(More)