Ann Hozeska-Solgot

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We investigated the hypothesis that endothelial cells activated by erythropoietin (EPO) promote the migration of neuroblasts. This hypothesis is based on observations in vivo that treatment of focal cerebral ischemia with EPO enhances the migration of neuroblasts to the ischemic boundary, a site containing activated endothelial cells and angiogenic(More)
BACKGROUND The Notch signaling pathway regulates adult neurogenesis under physiological and pathophysiological conditions. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. The present study investigated the effect of miR-124a on the Notch signaling pathway in stroke-induced neurogenesis. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We(More)
MicroRNAs are small RNAs that attenuate protein expression by complementary binding to the 3'-UTR of a target mRNA. Currently, very little is known about microRNAs after cerebral ischemia. In particular, microRNA-21 (miR-21) is a strong antiapoptotic factor in some biological systems. We investigated the role of miR-21 after stroke in the rat. We employed(More)
Ischemic stroke stimulates neurogenesis in the adult rodent brain. The molecules underlying stroke-induced neurogenesis have not been fully investigated. Using real-time reverse transcription-PCR, we found that stroke substantially up-regulated angiopoietin 2 (ANG2), a proangiogenic gene, expression in subventricular zone neural progenitor cells. Incubation(More)
Acute treatment of stroke with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors has been shown to reduce ischemic cell damage; however, it is unclear whether delayed treatment with HDAC inhibitors will contribute to the brain repair and plasticity. In the present study, we investigated the effects of delayed treatment of stroke with a pan HDAC inhibitor, valproic acid(More)
The role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in mediating adult neurogenesis after stroke has not been extensively studied. The present study investigated the function of the miR17-92 cluster in adult neural progenitor cells after experimental stroke. We found that stroke substantially up-regulated miR17-92 cluster expression in neural progenitor cells of the adult(More)
The chemokine receptor CXCR4 and its ligand, stromal cell derived factor-1 alpha (SDF1 alpha) regulate neuroblast migration towards the ischemic boundary after stroke. Using loss- and gain-function, we investigated the biological effect of CXCR4/SDF1 alpha on neural progenitor cells. Neural progenitor cells, from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the adult(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway mediates the neuroprotective effect of combination therapy of atorvastatin and tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in rats after stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS Combination of atorvastatin (20 mg/kg) and tPA (10 mg/kg) significantly reduced ischemic lesion volume,(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) increase tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) activity in astrocytes of the ischemic boundary zone, leading to increased neurite outgrowth in the brain. To probe the mechanisms that underlie MSC-mediated activation of tPA, we investigated the morphogenetic gene, sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway. In vitro oxygen and(More)
Stroke increases neuroblasts in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle and these neuroblasts migrate toward the ischemic boundary to replace damaged neurons. Using brain slices from the nonischemic adult rat and transgenic mice that expressed enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) concomitantly with doublecortin (DCX), a marker for(More)