Ann Hochschild

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The ability to artificially control transcription is essential both to the study of gene function and to the construction of synthetic gene networks with desired properties. Cas9 is an RNA-guided double-stranded DNA nuclease that participates in the CRISPR-Cas immune defense against prokaryotic viruses. We describe the use of a Cas9 nuclease mutant that(More)
Effective repression of cI transcription from PRM by the bacteriophage lambda CI repressor requires binding sites (OL) located 2.4 kb from the promoter. A CI tetramer bound to OL1.OL2 interacts with a tetramer bound near PRM (OR1.OR2), looping the intervening DNA. We previously proposed that in this CI octamer:DNA complex, the distant OL3 operator and the(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is arguably the world's most successful infectious agent because of its ability to control its own cell growth within the host. Bacterial growth rate is closely coupled to rRNA transcription, which in E. coli is regulated through DksA and (p)ppGpp. The mechanisms of rRNA transcriptional control in mycobacteria, which lack DksA,(More)
The sigma(70) subunit of RNA polymerase plays an essential role in transcription initiation. In addition, sigma(70) has a critical regulatory role during transcription elongation at the bacteriophage lambda late promoter, lambda P(R'). At this promoter, sigma(70) mediates a pause in early elongation through contact with a DNA sequence element in the(More)
Genetic methods based on fusion proteins allow the power of a genetic approach to be applied to the self-assembly of proteins or protein fragments, regardless of whether or not the normal function of the fused assembly domains is either known or amenable to selection or screening. The widespread adoption of variations of the yeast two-hybrid system(More)
Coupling of transcription and DNA repair in bacteria is mediated by transcription-repair coupling factor (TRCF, the product of the mfd gene), which removes transcription elongation complexes stalled at DNA lesions and recruits the nucleotide excision repair machinery to the site. Here we describe the 3.2 A-resolution X-ray crystal structure of Escherichia(More)
The cI protein of bacteriophage lambda (lambdacI) activates transcription from promoter P(RM) through an acidic patch on the surface of its DNA-binding domain. Genetic evidence suggests that this acidic patch stimulates transcription from P(RM) through contact with the C-terminal domain (region 4) of the sigma(70) subunit of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase.(More)
In bacteria, promoter recognition depends on the RNA polymerase sigma subunit, which combines with the catalytically proficient RNA polymerase core to form the holoenzyme. The major class of bacterial promoters is defined by two conserved elements (the -10 and -35 elements, which are 10 and 35 nucleotides upstream of the initiation point, respectively) that(More)
We describe the use of a bacterial two-hybrid system for the study of protein-protein interactions in Escherichia coli. This system is based on transcription activation and involves the synthesis of two fusion proteins within the bacterial cell whose interaction stimulates transcription of a reporter gene. Specifically, one of the fusion proteins can(More)
Bacterial sigma factors play a key role in promoter recognition, making direct contact with conserved promoter elements. Most sigma factors belong to the sigma70 family, named for the primary sigma factor in Escherichia coli. Members of the sigma70 family typically share four conserved regions and, here, we focus on region 4, which is directly involved in(More)