Ann Graham

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IBM made a business decision to promote an open, secure, interoperable and integrateable environment by embracing the IETF's Public Key Infrastructure (X.509) standards, developing a reference implementation of the core set, and giving it away as freeware. We discuss the architecture of this reference code, emphasizing lessons learned from implementing the(More)
  • Andrew Verstein, BENCHMARK MANIPULATION, ANDREW VERSTEIN, Christopher M. Bruner, John F. Coyle, Jaime Dodge +29 others
  • 2016
Substantial scholarship has questioned whether market manipulation is impossible and regulation unnecessary. This Article challenges orthodox un-derstandings of manipulation, showing that they reflect an obsolete view of markets. While manipulation skeptics discuss prices, markets focus on benchmarks of price—and so do the manipulators who prey upon them.(More)
BACKGROUND The role of surgical technique on liver regeneration following surgery remains inconclusive. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of ischaemic preconditioning (IPC) and intermittent clamping (IC) on mediators of regeneration produced by human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs), using an in vitro hypoxia-reoxygenation model to(More)
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