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OBJECTIVES We study the applicability of a visual P3-based and a Steady State Visually Evoked Potentials (SSVEP)-based Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) for mental text spelling on a cohort of patients with incomplete Locked-In Syndrome (LIS). METHODS Seven patients performed repeated sessions with each BCI. We assessed BCI performance, mental workload and(More)
The aim of this cross-sectional study was, first, to identify swallowing dysfunctions in an ALS population of 40 consecutive patients through combined videofluoroscopy and manometry. Secondly, these objective swallowing data were correlated with the functional feeding status as reported by the patient or family member. Videofluoroscopic evaluation showed(More)
This paper first presents a critical analysis of an existing game (APEX), designed by researchers in psychoacoustics only, to measure psychoacoustic thresholds in preschoolers. Next it presents another game (DIESEL-X), designed by dyslexia researchers and game designers, to remediate the shortcomings of the former game. Via a repeated measures experiment (n(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIM We investigated the relationship between possible underlying neurological dysfunction and a significant discrepancy between verbal IQ/performance IQ (VIQ-PIQ) in children with language, speech or learning difficulties. METHODS In a retrospective study, we analysed data obtained from intelligence testing and neurological evaluation in(More)
Over the past decades, preschoolers emerged as frequent and experienced users of new digital media. As this trend continues, it is important for game designers to address the gratifications of this new gaming audience. Unfortunately, existing theoretical frameworks on meaningful gameplay for preschoolers are rare, outdated, or they lack a comprehensive(More)
There is increasing evidence that a bilingual person should not be considered as two monolinguals in a single body, a view that has gradually been adopted in the diagnosis and treatment of bilingual aphasia. However, its investigation is complicated due to the large variety in possible language combinations, pre- and postmorbid language proficiencies, and(More)
Background. We aimed to validate an easy-to-use videofluoroscopic analysis tool, the bolus residue scale (BRS), for detection and classification of pharyngeal retention in the valleculae, piriform sinuses, and/or the posterior pharyngeal wall. Methods. 50 randomly selected videofluoroscopic images of 10 mL swallows (recorded in 18 dysphagia patients and 8(More)
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