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Although several studies have shown that carotenoid-based signals are negatively affected by (metal) pollution, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. There are two possible, not mutually exclusive, hypotheses to explain the metal-induced fading of carotenoid colouration. Metal pollution could affect oxidative stress levels and/or the diet. We(More)
Numerous studies have focused on song in songbirds as a signal involved in mate choice and intrasexual competition. It is expected that song traits such as song rate reflect individual quality by being dependent on energetic state or condition. While seasonal variation in bird song (i.e., breeding versus non-breeding song) and its neural substrate have(More)
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