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BACKGROUND & AIMS Germline mutations in the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes hMLH1 and hMSH2 are associated with susceptibility to hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Because a significant proportion of hMLH1 mutations are missense, the assessment of their pathogenic role may be difficult. To date, functional analysis of missense mutations has(More)
PURPOSE The outcome of patients with colorectal cancer is more favorable when the tumor exhibits high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI). Although associated with earlier-stage tumors, MSI has been proposed as an independent predictor of survival. We tested the prognostic value of MSI in a large series of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer in(More)
Carbachol and histamine stimulated phosphoinositide (PPI) hydrolysis in cultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), as reflected by an accumulation of 3H-inositol phosphates in the presence of 10 mM Li+. Carbachol increased PPI hydrolysis to greater than 600% of basal with an EC50 of 60 microM; stimulation was linear up to 60 min. This activation(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS JC virus (JCV), a human polyomavirus, has been found in a limited number of normal human tissues and cancers. The oncogenic potential of this virus is mediated by a transforming protein, the T antigen (TAg). We have previously demonstrated the presence of JCV-TAg in colorectal cancers, in adjacent normal colonic mucosa from these patients,(More)
JC virus (JCV) is a polyoma virus that commonly infects humans. We have found T antigen DNA sequences of JCV in the mucosa of normal human colons, colorectal cancers, colorectal cancer xenografts raised in nude mice, and in the human colon cancer cell line SW480. A larger number of viral copies is present in cancer cells than in non-neoplastic colon cells,(More)
Genome-wide association studies have proven to be highly effective at defining relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and clinical phenotypes in complex diseases. Establishing a mechanistic link between a noncoding SNP and the clinical outcome is a significant hurdle in translating associations into biological insight. We demonstrate(More)
The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are trophic factors whose growth-promoting actions are mediated via the IGF-I receptor and modulated by six IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). In this study, we observed increased transcripts of both IGF-I and IGF-I receptor after rat sciatic nerve transection. Schwann cells (SCs) were the main source of IGF-I and IGFBP-5(More)
The kyphoscoliotic type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS VIA) is an inheritable connective tissue disorder characterized by a deficiency of lysyl hydroxylase due to mutations in PLOD1. We describe a mutation analysis strategy for the PLOD1 gene using either cDNA or gDNA or a combination thereof, which allows for reliable, time-effective and efficient mutation(More)
In the human DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system, hMSH2 forms the hMutSalpha and hMutSbeta complexes with hMSH6 and hMSH3, respectively, whereas hMLH1 and hPMS2 form the hMutLalpha heterodimer. These complexes, together with other components in the MMR system, correct single-base mismatches and small insertion/deletion loops that occur during DNA replication.(More)
The human neuroblastoma line, SK-N-SH, has been subcloned into SH-SY5Y, a neuroblast N cell line, and SH-EP, an epithelial Schwann S cell line. We have previously shown that SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells produce insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), which acts by an autocrine mechanism to stimulate cell growth. In the current study, we examined the effect(More)